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intestine

[in-tes-tin]
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noun
  1. Usually intestines. the lower part of the alimentary canal, extending from the pylorus to the anus.
  2. Also called small intestine. the narrow, longer part of the intestines, comprising the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, that serves to digest and absorb nutrients.
  3. Also called large intestine. the broad, shorter part of the intestines, comprising the cecum, colon, and rectum, that absorbs water from and eliminates the residues of digestion.
adjective
  1. internal; domestic; civil: intestine strife.

Origin of intestine

1525–35; < Latin intestīnum, noun use of neuter of intestīnus internal, equivalent to intes- (variant of intus inside) + -tīnus adj. suffix; cf. vespertine
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for intestine

intestine

noun
  1. (usually plural) the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anusSee large intestine, small intestine Related adjective: alvine
Derived Formsintestinal (ɪnˈtɛstɪnəl, ˌɪntɛsˈtaɪnəl), adjectiveintestinally, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Latin intestīnum gut, from intestīnus internal, from intus within
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for intestine

n.

early 15c., from Middle French intestin (14c.) or directly from Latin intestinum "a gut," in plural, "intestines, bowels," noun use of neuter of adjective intestinus "inward, internal" (see intestines). Distinction of large and small intestines in Middle English was made under the terms gross and subtle. The word also was used as an adjective in English from 1530s with a sense of "internal, domestic, civil."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

intestine in Medicine

intestine

([object Object])
n.
  1. The portion of the alimentary canal extending from the stomach to the anus and, in humans and other mammals, consisting of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine. Often used in the plural.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

intestine in Science

intestine

[ĭn-tĕstĭn]
  1. The muscular tube that forms the part of the digestive tract extending from the stomach to the anus and consisting of the small and large intestines. In the intestine, nutrients and water from digested food are absorbed and waste products are solidified into feces. See also large intestine small intestine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

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