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hidalgo

[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaw] /hɪˈdæl goʊ; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔ/
noun, plural hidalgos
[hi-dal-gohz; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaws] /hɪˈdæl goʊz; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔs/ (Show IPA)
1.
a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
2.
(in Spanish America) a man who owns considerable property or is otherwise esteemed.
Origin of hidalgo
1585-1595
1585-95; < Spanish, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + from + aliquō something
Related forms
hidalgoism, hidalgism
[hi-dal-jiz-uh m] /hɪˈdæl dʒɪz əm/ (Show IPA),
noun

Hidalgo

[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaw] /hɪˈdæl goʊ; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔ/
noun
1.
Juan
[hwahn] /ʰwɑn/ (Show IPA),
c1600–85, Spanish composer and harpist.
2.
a state in central Mexico. 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km).
Capital: Pachuca.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for hidalgo
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was, he felt, a ridiculous position for a hidalgo of Spain.

  • In the Plaza de Armas there stands a fine monument to the memory of hidalgo.

    Aztec Land Maturin M. Ballou
  • A cement works at hidalgo, of 50,000 tons annual capacity, has been started.

    Mexico Charles Reginald Enock
  • But let us now take our stand with hidalgo, the warrior-priest of Mexico.

    Mexico Charles Reginald Enock
  • The Comandante pledges himself, as a hidalgo, that you shall not be harmed.

  • The blood in my veins—so says my mother—is as good as that of any hidalgo.

    The White Chief Mayne Reid
British Dictionary definitions for hidalgo

hidalgo

/hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo/
noun (pl) -gos (-ɡəʊz; Spanish) (-ɣos)
1.
a member of the lower nobility in Spain
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something

Hidalgo

/hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo/
noun
1.
a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hidalgo
n.

"Spanish nobleman of secondary rank," 1590s, from Spanish hidalgo, from Old Spanish fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo "son (Latin filus) of someone (Latin aliquis)," perhaps an imitation of Arabic ibn-nas "son of people," a complimentary title. For alteration of f- and h- in Spanish, see hacienda.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
13
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