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effigy

[ef-i-jee]
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noun, plural ef·fi·gies.
  1. a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
  2. a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.
Idioms
  1. in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy: a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.

Origin of effigy

1530–40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3
Related formsef·fig·i·al [ih-fij-ee-uh l] /ɪˈfɪdʒ i əl/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for in effigy

effigy

noun plural -gies
  1. a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
  2. a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
Derived Formseffigial (ɪˈfɪdʒɪəl), adjective

Word Origin

C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for in effigy

effigy

n.

1530s, "image of a person," from Middle French effigie (13c.), from Latin effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," from or related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c. Specifically associated with burning, hanging, etc., at least since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with in effigy

in effigy

Symbolically. For example, That umpire was completely unfair—let's burn him in effigy. Now used only figuratively, this term formerly signified a way of carrying out the sentence of a criminal who had escaped, such as burn in effigy or hang in effigy. A dummy was made of the criminal or a detested political figure and subjected to the prescribed punishment. [c. 1600]

effigy

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.