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increment

[in-kruh-muh nt, ing-]
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noun
  1. something added or gained; addition; increase.
  2. profit; gain.
  3. the act or process of increasing; growth.
  4. an amount by which something increases or grows: a weekly increment of $25 in salary.
  5. one of a series of regular additions: You may make deposits in increments of $500.
  6. Mathematics.
    1. the difference between two values of a variable; a change, positive, negative, or zero, in an independent variable.
    2. the increase of a function due to an increase in the independent variable.
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Origin of increment

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin incrēmentum an increase, equivalent to incrē(scere) to grow (see increase) + -mentum -ment
Related formsin·cre·men·tal [in-kruh-men-tl, ing-] /ˌɪn krəˈmɛn tl, ˌɪŋ-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for increment

increment

noun
  1. an increase or addition, esp one of a series
  2. the act of increasing; augmentation
  3. maths a small positive or negative change in a variable or function. Symbol: Δ, as in Δ x or Δ f
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Word Origin

C15: from Latin incrēmentum growth, increase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for increment

n.

mid-15c., "act or process of increasing," from Latin incrementum "growth, increase; an addition," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" (see increase). Meaning "amount of increase" first attested 1630s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

increment in Medicine

increment

(ĭnkrə-mənt, ĭng-)
n.
  1. The process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent.
  2. Something added or gained.
  3. A small positive or negative change in the value of a variable.
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Related formsin′cre•mental (-mĕntl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.