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industry

[in-duh-stree] /ˈɪn də stri/
noun, plural industries for 1, 2, 7.
1.
the aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field, often named after its principal product:
the automobile industry; the steel industry.
2.
any general business activity; commercial enterprise:
the Italian tourist industry.
3.
trade or manufacture in general:
the rise of industry in Africa.
4.
the ownership and management of companies, factories, etc.:
friction between labor and industry.
5.
systematic work or labor.
6.
energetic, devoted activity at any work or task; diligence:
Her teacher praised her industry.
7.
the aggregate of work, scholarship, and ancillary activity in a particular field, often named after its principal subject:
the Mozart industry.
8.
Archaeology. an assemblage of artifacts regarded as unmistakably the work of a single prehistoric group.
Origin of industry
1475-1485
1475-85; earlier industrie < Latin industria, noun use of feminine of industrius industrious
Related forms
interindustry, adjective
mini-industry, noun, plural mini-industries.
nonindustry, adjective
preindustry, noun, adjective
proindustry, adjective
subindustry, noun, plural subindustries.
superindustry, noun, plural superindustries.
Synonyms
6. application, effort, assiduity, industriousness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for industry
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • She found a scene of industry in the village, for the fishing had started in earnest.

    The Huntress Hulbert Footner
  • They seized the chances for industry and commerce and amassed wealth.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • Convoys crowded the grand route, which traversed vast prairies waving with grain and embellished with all the works of industry.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • What, then, is the difference between a burglar and a modern organizer of industry?

    The Root of Evil Thomas Dixon
  • The wide sea of commerce was stagnant; upon the realm of industry settled down a sullen lethargy.

    Twelve Causes of Dishonesty Henry Ward Beecher
British Dictionary definitions for industry

industry

/ˈɪndəstrɪ/
noun (pl) -tries
1.
organized economic activity concerned with manufacture, extraction and processing of raw materials, or construction
2.
a branch of commercial enterprise concerned with the output of a specified product or service: the steel industry
3.
  1. industrial ownership and management interests collectively, as contrasted with labour interests
  2. manufacturing enterprise collectively, as opposed to agriculture
4.
diligence; assiduity
Word Origin
C15: from Latin industria diligence, from industrius active, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for industry
n.

late 15c., "cleverness, skill," from Old French industrie "activity; aptitude" (14c.) or directly from Latin industria "diligence, activity, zeal," fem. of industrius "industrious, diligent," used as a noun, from early Latin indostruus "diligent," from indu "in, within" + stem of struere "to build" (see structure (n.)). Sense of "diligence, effort" is from 1530s; meaning "trade or manufacture" first recorded 1560s; that of "systematic work" is 1610s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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