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inulin

[in-yuh-lin]
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noun Chemistry.
  1. a polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, obtained from the roots of certain plants, especially elecampane, dahlia, and Jerusalem artichoke, that undergoes hydrolysis to the dextrorotatory form of fructose: used chiefly as an ingredient in diabetic bread, in processed foods to increase their fiber content, and as a reagent in diagnosing kidney function.
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Origin of inulin

1805–15; < New Latin Inul(a) a genus of plants (Latin: elecampane) + -in2
Also called alant starch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for inulin

inulin

noun
  1. a fructose polysaccharide present in the tubers and rhizomes of some plants. Formula: (C 6 H 10 O 5) n
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Word Origin

C19: from Latin inula elecampane + -in
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

inulin in Medicine

inulin

(ĭnyə-lĭn)
n.
  1. A fructose polysaccharide derived from the rhizomes of Inula helenium or I. elecampane, and other plants.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.