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Jerusalem cricket

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noun
  1. a large, nocturnal, wingless, long-horned grasshopper, Stenopelmatus fuscus, occuring chiefly in loose soil and sand along the Pacific coast of the U.S.

Origin of Jerusalem cricket

An Americanism dating back to 1945–50
Also called sand cricket.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018