Try Our Apps
Dictionary.com

follow Dictionary.com

The Best Internet Slang

jovial

[joh-vee-uh l] /ˈdʒoʊ vi əl/
adjective
1.
endowed with or characterized by a hearty, joyous humor or a spirit of good-fellowship:
a wonderfully jovial host.
2.
(initial capital letter) of or relating to the god Jove, or Jupiter.
Origin of jovial
1580-1590
1580-90; < Medieval Latin joviālis of Jupiter (the planet, supposed to exert a happy influence), equivalent to Latin jovi- (see Jovian) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
jovially, adverb
jovialness, noun
unjovial, adjective
unjovially, adverb
Can be confused
jocose, jocular, jocund, jovial (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. merry, jolly, convivial, gay, joyful, mirthful. Jovial, jocose, jocular, jocund agree in referring to someone who is in a good humor. Jovial suggests a hearty, joyous humor: a jovial person. Jocose refers to that which causes laughter; it suggests someone who is playful and given to jesting: with jocose and comical airs. Jocular means humorous, facetious, mirthful, and waggish: jocular enough to keep up the spirits of all around him. Jocund, now a literary word, suggests a cheerful, light-hearted, and sprightly gaiety: glad and jocund company.
Antonyms
1. gloomy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for jovial
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • A solitary ruffian, indeed, is moody, but a gang of ruffians are jovial.

    Night and Morning, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • The Marchese, who was in a jovial mood, opened a bank for them.

    Casanova's Homecoming Arthur Schnitzler
  • You will be jovial, my dear Martin, and will kill the fatted calf if you please!'

  • Never did he seem so careless, our Scribe asserts, and so jovial and child-like in his joys.

    The Book of Khalid Ameen Rihani
  • "You are wrong," he said in a jovial way so as to drive all bitterness from the discussion.

    Fruitfulness Emile Zola
British Dictionary definitions for jovial

jovial

/ˈdʒəʊvɪəl/
adjective
1.
having or expressing convivial humour; jolly
Derived Forms
joviality, jovialness, noun
jovially, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin joviālis of (the planet) Jupiter, considered by astrologers to foster good humour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Contemporary definitions for jovial
adjective

pertaining to Jove or Jupiter

Word Origin

Latin jovialis 'pertaining to Jove, Jupiter'

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014 Dictionary.com, LLC
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for jovial
adj.

1580s, "under the influence of the planet Jupiter," from Middle French jovial (16c.), from Italian joviale, literally "pertaining to Jupiter," and directly from Latin Iovialis "of Jupiter," from Iovius (used as genitive of Iuppiter) "Jupiter," Roman god of the sky (see Jove). The meaning "good-humored, merry," is from astrological belief that those born under the sign of the planet Jupiter are of such dispositions. Related: Jovially.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for jovial

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for jovial

16
20
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for jovial