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[juhj] /dʒʌdʒ/
a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice.
a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter:
the judges of a beauty contest.
a person qualified to pass a critical judgment:
a good judge of horses.
an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
(especially in rural areas) a county official with supervisory duties, often employed part-time or on an honorary basis.
verb (used with object), judged, judging.
to pass legal judgment on; pass sentence on (a person):
The court judged him guilty.
to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass judgment; adjudicate; try:
The Supreme Court is judging that case.
to form a judgment or opinion of; decide upon critically:
You can't judge a book by its cover.
to decide or settle authoritatively; adjudge:
The censor judged the book obscene and forbade its sale.
to infer, think, or hold as an opinion; conclude about or assess:
He judged her to be correct.
to make a careful guess about; estimate:
We judged the distance to be about four miles.
(of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
verb (used without object), judged, judging.
to act as a judge; pass judgment:
No one would judge between us.
to form an opinion or estimate:
I have heard the evidence and will judge accordingly.
to make a mental judgment.
Origin of judge
1175-1225; (v.) Middle English jugen < Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier < Latin jūdicāre to judge, equivalent to jūdic- (stem of jūdex) a judge + -āre infinitive suffix; (noun) Middle English juge < Old French < Latin jūdicem, accusative of jūdex
Related forms
judgeable, adjective
judger, noun
judgeless, adjective
judgelike, adjective
judgeship, noun
judgingly, adverb
rejudge, verb, rejudged, rejudging.
subjudge, noun
subjudgeship, noun
underjudge, verb (used with object), underjudged, underjudging.
underjudge, noun
unjudgeable, adjective
unjudged, adjective
unjudgelike, adjective
unjudging, adjective
well-judged, adjective
Can be confused
judge, justice (see synonym study at the current entry)
1. justice. 2. arbitrator. Judge, referee, umpire refer to one who is entrusted with decisions affecting others. Judge, in its legal and other uses, implies particularly that one has qualifications and authority for giving decisions in matters at issue: a judge appointed to the Supreme Court; a judge in the pie competition. A referee usually examines and reports on the merits of a case as an aid to a court. An umpire gives the final ruling when arbitrators of a case disagree. 3. connoisseur, critic. 10. determine, consider, regard. 13. adjudge, adjudicate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for judgeship
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He parted from his uncles, abandoned his judgeship, and went out into the plains.

    The Scapegoat Hall Caine
  • Master, sir knight, and may it please your judgeship, my name is Patteson.

  • I will give up all the methods and intrigues by which I have hoped to secure a judgeship.

    The Angel Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
  • The idea of kingship surely involves that of judgeship with it.

  • At any rate, as I told you, they gave him the cross and a judgeship.

    An Englishman in Paris

    Albert D. (Albert Dresden) Vandam
  • Christophe was at present studying for the bar, the first step to a judgeship.

  • So "straight," indeed, was he that his term of judgeship had been brief.

    Ancestors Gertrude Atherton
  • When you return, he will be able to claim a judgeship, or a place in the Government.

    The Malefactor E. Phillips Oppenheim
  • Do you know they say, Jim, that I grabbed this judgeship by some high-handed method.

    Children of the Market Place

    Edgar Lee Masters
British Dictionary definitions for judgeship


the position, office, or function of a judge


a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon them Compare magistrate (sense 1), justice (sense 5), justice (sense 6) related adjective judicial
a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
a person qualified to comment critically: a good judge of antiques
a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua's death to the accession of Saul
to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
(transitive) to pass judgment on; sentence
(when transitive, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
to appraise (something) critically
(transitive; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
Derived Forms
judgeable, adjective
judgeless, adjective
judgelike, adjective
judger, noun
judgingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French jugier, from Latin jūdicāre to pass judgment, from jūdex a judge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for judgeship

1670s, from judge (n.) + -ship.



mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (e.g. Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.



c.1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with judgeship


In addition to the idiom beginning with
also see:
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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