Contacts in the Kurdish intelligence service and Peshmerga leadership confirmed what we saw.
At the time, the Kurdish Peshmerga did take up positions in the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, where they remain to this day.
It may be the air war alone that opened the way for the recent Kurdish offensive or it may be the presence of elite ground forces.
Turkish media reported the airstrikes came after Kurdish separatists attacked a military barracks nearby.
It cropped up on a Kurdish channel and on a local German channel.
The Kurdish women are very dark in complexion and picturesque in their apparel.
It is needless to say that this house, like all other Kurdish houses, was a dirty, filthy place.
I had never heard it before, and it sounded foreign, very foreign indeed, possibly Kurdish.
The title is also given occasionally to some of the local Kurdish chiefs.
He called for volunteers who would come down with him and cut across the Kurdish advance in the effort to gain that point.