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2017 Word of the Year

lachrymatory

or lacrimatory

[lak-ruh-muh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈlæk rə məˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or causing the shedding of tears.
noun, plural lachrymatories.
2.
Also called lachrymal. a small, narrow-necked vase found in ancient Roman tombs, formerly thought to have been used to catch and keep the tears of bereaved friends.
Origin of lachrymatory
1650-1660
1650-60; (noun) < Medieval Latin lachrymātōrium, equivalent to lachrymā(re) to shed tears + -tōrium -tory2; (adj.) < Medieval Latin lachrymātōrius, equivalent to lachrymā(re) + -tōrius -tory1; see lachrymal
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for lachrymatory
Historical Examples
  • Your uncle is great in the lachrymatory line, Clive Newcome.

    The Newcomes William Makepeace Thackeray
  • Roman vessels—a red thing that might have been a lamp, another that might have been a lachrymatory.

    The Daisy Chain Charlotte Yonge
  • Free use was made of lachrymatory shell, our first taste of it.

  • Fritz bombarded us often with lachrymatory shells, the tear-inducing variety, and this was most unpleasant, but nothing more.

    Fighting the Boche Underground

    Harry Davis Trounce
  • He had found a lachrymatory, too, a relic of an ancient Christian; and many bones of holy martyrs.

  • These specimens embrace not only rich gems and mosaic work, but also fine examples of the lachrymatory vase.

  • Gas shells, lachrymatory shells and Flammenwerfer were as old-fashioned as high explosives and shrapnel.

    My Second Year of the War Frederick Palmer
  • Gas and lachrymatory shells thrown into Courcelette and Pozires.

  • Opening my door, I encountered the not unpleasant smell of lachrymatory gas.

    Pushed and the Return Push George Herbert Fosdike Nichols, (AKA Quex)
  • Alluding to the lachrymatory vials, or bottles of tears, which the Romans sometimes put into the urn of a friend.

British Dictionary definitions for lachrymatory

lachrymatory

/ˈlækrɪmətərɪ; -trɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
a small vessel found in ancient tombs, formerly thought to hold the tears of mourners
adjective
2.
a variant spelling of lacrimatory
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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lachrymatory in Medicine

lachrymatory lach·ry·ma·to·ry (lāk'rə-mə-tôr'ē)
adj.
Variant of lacrimatory.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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