- any part of the earth's surface not covered by a body of water; the part of the earth's surface occupied by continents and islands: Land was sighted from the crow's nest.
- an area of ground with reference to its nature or composition: arable land.
- an area of ground with specific boundaries: to buy land on which to build a house.
- rural or farming areas, as contrasted with urban areas: They left the land for the city.
- any part of the earth's surface that can be owned as property, and everything annexed to it, whether by nature or by the human hand.
- any legal interest held in land.
- Economics. natural resources as a factor of production.
- a part of the surface of the earth marked off by natural or political boundaries or the like; a region or country: They came from many lands.
- the people of a region or country
- Audio. the flat surface between the grooves of a phonograph record.
- a realm or domain: the land of the living.
- a surface between furrows, as on a millstone or on the interior of a rifle barrel.
- Scot. a tenement house.
- to bring to or set on land: to land passengers or goods from a ship; to land an airplane.
- to bring into or cause to arrive in a particular place, position, or condition: His behavior will land him in jail.
- Informal. to catch or capture; gain; win: to land a job.
- Angling. to bring (a fish) to land, or into a boat, etc., as with a hook or a net.
- to come to land or shore: The boat lands at Cherbourg.
- to go or come ashore from a ship or boat.
- to alight upon a surface, as the ground, a body of water, or the like: to land on both feet.
- to hit or strike the ground, as from a height: The ball landed at the far side of the court.
- to strike and come to rest on a surface or in something: The golf ball landed in the lake.
- to come to rest or arrive in a particular place, position, or condition (sometimes followed by up): to land in trouble; to land up 40 miles from home.
- land on, Informal. to reprimand; criticize: His mother landed on him for coming home so late.
Origin of land
- the solid part of the surface of the earth as distinct from seas, lakes, etcRelated adjective: terrestrial
- ground, esp with reference to its use, quality, etc
- (in combination)land-grabber
- rural or agricultural areas as contrasted with urban ones
- farming as an occupation or way of life
- any tract of ground capable of being owned as property, together with any buildings on it, extending above and below the surface
- any hereditament, tenement, or other interest; realty
- a country, region, or area
- the people of a country, etc
- a realm, sphere, or domain
- economics the factor of production consisting of all natural resources
- the unindented part of a grooved surface, esp one of the ridges inside a rifle bore
- how the land lies the prevailing conditions or state of affairs
- to transfer (something) or go from a ship or boat to the shoreland the cargo
- (intr) to come to or touch shore
- to come down or bring (something) down to earth after a flight or jump
- to come or bring to some point, condition, or state
- (tr) angling to retrieve (a hooked fish) from the water
- (tr) informal to win or obtainto land a job
- (tr) informal to deliver (a blow)
- Edwin Herbert. 1909–91, US inventor of the Polaroid Land camera
- any of the federal states of Germany
- any of the provinces of Austria
Word Origin and History for land on
Old English land, lond, "ground, soil," also "definite portion of the earth's surface, home region of a person or a people, territory marked by political boundaries," from Proto-Germanic *landom (cf. Old Norse, Old Frisian Dutch, German, Gothic land), from PIE *lendh- "land, heath" (cf. Old Irish land, Middle Welsh llan "an open space," Welsh llan "enclosure, church," Breton lann "heath," source of French lande; Old Church Slavonic ledina "waste land, heath," Czech lada "fallow land").
Etymological evidence and Gothic use indicates the original sense was "a definite portion of the earth's surface owned by an individual or home of a nation." Meaning early extended to "solid surface of the earth," which had been the sense of the root of Modern English earth. Original sense of land in English is now mostly found under country. To take the lay of the land is a nautical expression. In the American English exclamation land's sakes (1846) land is a euphemism for Lord.
"to bring to land," early 13c., from land (n.). Originally of ships; of fish, in the angling sense, from 1610s; hence figurative sense of "to obtain" (a job, etc.), first recorded 1854. Of aircraft, attested from 1916. Related: Landed; landing.