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lex talionis

[leks tal-ee-oh-nis] /ˈlɛks ˌtæl iˈoʊ nɪs/
the principle or law of retaliation that a punishment inflicted should correspond in degree and kind to the offense of the wrongdoer, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; retributive justice.
Also called talion.
Origin of lex talionis
First recorded in 1590-1600, lex talionis is from the Latin word lēx taliōnis law of talion Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for lex talionis

lex talionis

the law of revenge or retaliation
Word Origin
C16: New Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lex talionis

1590s, Latin, "law of retaliation," from talionis, genitive of talio (see retaliation); an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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