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[loh-koh-foh-koh] /ˌloʊ koʊˈfoʊ koʊ/
(sometimes lowercase) a member of the radical faction of the New York City Democrats, organized in 1835 to oppose the conservative members of the party.
(lowercase) a friction match or cigar developed in the 19th century, ignited by rubbing against any hard, dry surface.
Origin of Locofoco
special use of locofoco (cigar), self-lighting, rhyming compound apparently based on loco(motive), taken to mean self-moving; -foco, alteration of Italian fuoco fire < Latin focus fireplace Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Historical Examples
  • But now, should you go thither to seek him, you would inquire in vain for the Locofoco Surveyor.

    The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Four or five years afterward their enemies invented for their benefit the meaningless and hideous word "Locofoco."

  • A Locofoco is the only intelligible term: a fellow that would set any place on fire to roast his own eggs.

    Gryll Grange Thomas Love Peacock
  • You would find a Locofoco majority as much addicted to Class Legislation as a factitious aristocracy.

    Coningsby Benjamin Disraeli

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