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mandrill

[man-dril]
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noun
  1. a large baboon, Mandrillus (or Papio) sphinx, of western Africa, the male of which has a face brightly marked with blue and scarlet and a muzzle that is ribbed: an endangered species.
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Origin of mandrill

First recorded in 1735–45; man1 + drill4
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for mandrill

mandrill

noun
  1. an Old World monkey, Mandrillus sphinx, of W Africa. It has a short tail and brown hair, and the ridged muzzle, nose, and hindquarters are red and blue
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Word Origin

C18: from man + drill 4
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mandrill

n.

"large baboon," 1744, perhaps ultimately from an African language, but formed into English components man + drill (n.4) "baboon," which is of W.African origin. The earliest reference reports the name is what the animal was "called by the white men in this country" (Sierra Leone). French mandrill, Spanish mandril seem to be from English.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper