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maroon1

[muh-roon] /məˈrun/
adjective
1.
dark brownish-red.
2.
Chiefly British.
  1. a loudly exploding firework consisting of a cardboard container filled with gunpowder.
  2. a similar firework used as a danger or warning signal, as by railway brakemen.
Origin of maroon1
1585-1595
1585-95; < French marron literally, chestnut, Middle French < Upper Italian (Tuscan marrone), perhaps ultimately derivative of pre-Latin *marr- stone

maroon2

[muh-roon] /məˈrun/
verb (used with object)
1.
to put ashore and abandon on a desolate island or coast by way of punishment or the like, as was done by buccaneers.
2.
to place in an isolated and often dangerous position:
The rising floodwaters marooned us on top of the house.
3.
to abandon and leave without aid or resources:
Having lost all his money, he was marooned in the strange city.
noun
4.
(often initial capital letter) any of a group of blacks, descended from fugitive slaves of the 17th and 18th centuries, living in the West Indies and Guiana, especially in mountainous areas.
5.
a person who is marooned:
Robinson Crusoe lived for years as a maroon.
Origin
1660-70; < French mar(r)on, apparently < American Spanish cimarrón wild (see cimarron); first used in reference to domestic animals that escaped into the woods, later to fugitive slaves
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for maroon
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Then said Captain maroon, 'Now, how much time do you want to make the other twenty in?

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • Finally said Captain maroon, when that wouldn't suit either, 'Hand over, then!'

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • He had no doubt but that the maroon had a message for him from his master.

    Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer Cyrus Townsend Brady
  • But before the maroon could obey they heard steps on the porch.

    Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer Cyrus Townsend Brady
  • "You must maroon me as soon as ever you can get amongst these islands off the Cambodge shore," he went on.

    The Secret Sharer Joseph Conrad
British Dictionary definitions for maroon

maroon1

/məˈruːn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to leave ashore and abandon, esp on an island
2.
to isolate without resources
noun
3.
a descendant of a group of runaway slaves living in the remoter areas of the Caribbean or Guyana
4.
(US & Canadian, informal) a person who has been marooned, esp on an island
Word Origin
C17 (applied to fugitive slaves): from American Spanish cimarrón wild, literally: dwelling on peaks, from Spanish cima summit

maroon2

/məˈruːn/
noun
1.
  1. a dark red to purplish-red colour
  2. (as adjective): a maroon carpet
2.
an exploding firework, esp one used as a warning signal
Word Origin
C18: from French, literally: chestnut, marron1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for maroon
n.

"very dark reddish-brown color," 1791, from French couleur marron, the color of a marron "chestnut," the large sweet chestnut of southern Europe (maroon in that sense was used in English from 1590s), from dialect of Lyons, ultimately from a word in a pre-Roman language, perhaps Ligurian; or from Greek maraon "sweet chestnut."

v.

"put ashore on a desolate island or coast," 1724 (implied in marooning), earlier "to be lost in the wild" (1690s); from maron (n.) "fugitive black slave in the jungles of W.Indies and Dutch Guyana" (1660s), earlier symeron (1620s), from French marron, said to be a corruption of Spanish cimmaron "wild, untamed," from Old Spanish cimarra "thicket," probably from cima "summit, top" (from Latin cyma "sprout"), with a notion of living wild in the mountains. Related: Marooned.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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