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marquis

[mahr-kwis, mahr-kee; French mar-kee] /ˈmɑr kwɪs, mɑrˈki; French marˈki/
noun, plural marquises [mahr-kwi-siz] /ˈmɑr kwɪ sɪz/ (Show IPA), marquis
[mahr-keez; French mar-kee] /mɑrˈkiz; French marˈki/ (Show IPA)
1.
a nobleman ranking next below a duke and above an earl or count.
Also, British, marquess.
Origin of marquis
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English markis < Middle French marquis < Italian marchese < Medieval Latin *(comēs) marc(h)ēnsis (count) of a borderland. See march2, -ese
Can be confused

marquise

[mahr-keez; French mar-keez] /mɑrˈkiz; French marˈkiz/
noun, plural marquises
[mahr-kee-ziz; French mar-keez] /mɑrˈki zɪz; French marˈkiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
the wife or widow of a marquis.
2.
a lady holding the rank equal to that of a marquis.
3.
Jewelry.
  1. Also called marquise cut. a gem cut, especially for a diamond, yielding a low pointed oval with many facets, usually 58.
  2. a gem cut in this style, especially a diamond.
    Compare navette.
4.
(often used with a plural verb) British. marquee (def 3).
5.
Also called marquise chair. French Furniture. a wide bergère.
Also, British, marchioness (for defs 1, 2).
Origin
1700-10; < French; feminine of marquis
Can be confused
marque, marquee, marquess, marquis, marquise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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British Dictionary definitions for marquises

marquis

/ˈmɑːkwɪs; mɑːˈkiː; French marki/
noun (pl) -quises, -quis
1.
(in various countries) a nobleman ranking above a count, corresponding to a British marquess. The title of marquis is often used in place of that of marquess
Word Origin
C14: from Old French marchis, literally: count of the march, from marchemarch²

Marquis

/ˈmɑːkwɪs/
noun
1.
Don(ald Robert Perry). 1878–1937, US humorist; author of archy and mehitabel (1927)

marquise

/mɑːˈkiːz; French markiz/
noun
1.
(in various countries) another word for marchioness
2.
  1. a gemstone, esp a diamond, cut in a pointed oval shape and usually faceted
  2. a piece of jewellery, esp a ring, set with such a stone or with an oval cluster of stones
3.
another name for marquee (sense 2)
Word Origin
C18: from French, feminine of marquis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marquises

marquis

n.

also marquess, c.1300, title of nobility, from Old French marchis, literally "ruler of a border area," from Old French marche "frontier," from Medieval Latin marca "frontier, frontier territory" (see march (n.1)). Originally the ruler of border territories in various European regions (e.g. Italian marchese, Spanish marqués); later a mere title of rank, below duke and above count. Related: Marquisate.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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