• synonyms


or ma·te·ri·el

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  1. the aggregate of things used or needed in any business, undertaking, or operation (distinguished from personnel).
  2. Military. arms, ammunition, and equipment in general.
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Origin of matériel

From French, dating back to 1805–15; see origin at material
Can be confusedmaterial matériel
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for materiel



  1. the materials and equipment of an organization, esp of a military forceCompare personnel
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Word Origin

C19: from French: material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for materiel


1814, from French matériel "material," noun use of adj. matériel (see material (adj.)). A later borrowing of the same word that became material (n.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper