Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

median

[mee-dee-uh n]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. Arithmetic, Statistics. the middle number in a given sequence of numbers, taken as the average of the two middle numbers when the sequence has an even number of numbers: 4 is the median of 1, 3, 4, 8, 9.
  2. Geometry. a straight line from a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.
  3. Also called midpoint. a vertical line that divides a histogram into two equal parts.Compare central tendency.
  4. median strip.
Show More
adjective
  1. Statistics. relating to the value in the center of the distribution for an array of data: the median income of American households.
  2. noting or relating to a plane dividing something into two equal parts, especially one dividing an animal into right and left halves.
  3. situated in or relating to the middle; medial.
Show More

Origin of median

First recorded in 1535–45, median is from the Latin word mediānus in the middle. See medium, -an
Related formsme·di·an·ly, adverbpost·me·di·an, adjectivepre·me·di·an, noun, adjectivesub·me·di·an, adjective
Can be confusedmean medianmedia median medium mediums

Median

[mee-dee-uh n]
adjective
  1. of or relating to Media, the Medes, or their language.
Show More
noun
  1. a Mede.
  2. the Iranian language of ancient Media, contemporaneous with Old Persian.
Show More

Origin of Median

First recorded in 1595–1605; Medi(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for median

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for median

median

adjective
  1. of, relating to, situated in, or directed towards the middle
  2. biology of or relating to the plane that divides an organism or organ into symmetrical parts
  3. statistics of or relating to the median
Show More
noun
  1. a middle point, plane, or part
  2. geometry
    1. a straight line joining one vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite sideSee also centroid
    2. a straight line joining the midpoints of the nonparallel sides of a trapezium
  3. statistics the middle value in a frequency distribution, below and above which lie values with equal total frequencies
  4. statistics the middle number or average of the two middle numbers in an ordered sequence of numbers7 is the median of both 1, 7, 31 and 2, 5, 9, l6
  5. Also called: (chiefly Brit) central reservation Canadian the strip, often covered with grass, that separates the two sides of a highway
Show More
Derived Formsmedianly, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Latin mediānus, from medius middle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for median

adj.

1590s, from Middle French médian (15c.) and directly from Latin medianus "of the middle," from medius "in the middle" (see medial (adj.)). Originally anatomical, of veins, arteries, nerves. Median strip "strip between lanes of traffic" is from 1954.

Show More

n.

"a median part," 1540s, from Latin medianus (see median (adj.)). Meaning "middle number of a series" is from 1883.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

median in Medicine

median

(mēdē-ən)
adj.
  1. Relating to, located in, or extending toward the middle.
  2. Of, relating to, or situated in or near the plane that divides a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left halves; mesial.
  3. Of, relating to, or constituting the middle value in a distribution.
Show More
n.
  1. A median point, plane, line, or part.
  2. The middle value in a distribution, above and below which lie an equal number of values.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

median in Science

median

[mēdē-ən]
  1. In a sequence of numbers arranged from smallest to largest:
    1. The middle number, when such a sequence has an odd number of values. For example, in the sequence 3, 4, 14, 35, 280, the median is 14.
    2. The average of the two middle numbers, when such a sequence has an even number of values. For example, in the sequence 4, 8, 10, 56, the median is 9 (the average of 8 and 10). Compare arithmetic mean average mode.
  2. A line joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

median in Culture

median

The point in a series at which half of the values or units of the series are higher and half lower.

Show More

median

In statistics, the middle value of a set of numbers or data points; half the figures will fall below the median and half above. (See average; compare mean and mode.)

Show More
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.