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mourning

[mawr-ning, mohr-] /ˈmɔr nɪŋ, ˈmoʊr-/
noun
1.
the act of a person who mourns; sorrowing or lamentation.
2.
the conventional manifestation of sorrow for a person's death, especially by the wearing of black clothes or a black armband, the hanging of flags at half-mast, etc.
3.
the outward symbols of such sorrow, as black garments.
4.
the period or interval during which a person grieves or formally expresses grief, as by wearing black garments.
adjective
5.
of, relating to, or used in mourning.
Origin of mourning
900
before 900; Middle English (noun, adj.); Old English murnung (noun). See mourn, -ing1, -ing2
Related forms
mourningly, adverb
unmourning, adjective
Antonyms
1. rejoicing.

mourn

[mawrn, mohrn] /mɔrn, moʊrn/
verb (used without object)
1.
to feel or express sorrow or grief.
2.
to grieve or lament for the dead.
3.
to show the conventional or usual signs of sorrow over a person's death.
verb (used with object)
4.
to feel or express sorrow or grief over (misfortune, loss, or anything regretted); deplore.
5.
to grieve or lament over (the dead).
6.
to utter in a sorrowful manner.
Origin
before 900; Middle English mo(u)rnen, Old English murnan; cognate with Old High German mornēn, Old Norse morna, Gothic maurnan
Related forms
overmourn, verb
unmourned, adjective
Synonyms
1. bewail, bemoan. See grieve.
Antonyms
1. laugh, rejoice.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for mourning

mourning

/ˈmɔːnɪŋ/
noun
1.
the act or feelings of one who mourns; grief
2.
the conventional symbols of grief, such as the wearing of black
3.
the period of time during which a death is officially mourned
4.
in mourning, observing the conventions of mourning
adjective
5.
of or relating to mourning
Derived Forms
mourningly, adverb

mourn

/mɔːn/
verb
1.
to feel or express sadness for the death or loss of (someone or something)
2.
(intransitive) to observe the customs of mourning, as by wearing black
3.
(transitive) to grieve over (loss or misfortune)
Word Origin
Old English murnan; compare Old High German mornēn to be troubled, Gothic maurnan to grieve, Greek mermeros worried
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mourning
n.

Old English murnung "complaint, grief," verbal noun from mourn (v.).

mourn

v.

Old English murnan "to mourn, bemoan, long after," also "be anxious about, be careful" (class III strong verb; past tense mearn, past participle murnen), from Proto-Germanic *murnan "to remember sorrowfully" (cf. Old Saxon mornon, Old High German mornen, Gothic maurnan "to mourn," Old Norse morna "to pine away"), probably from PIE root *(s)mer- "to remember" (see memory); or, if the Old Norse sense is the base one, from *mer- "to die, wither." Related: Mourned; mourning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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