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[muhch] /mʌtʃ/
adjective, more, most.
great in quantity, measure, or degree:
too much cake.
a great quantity, measure, or degree:
Much of his research was unreliable.
a great, important, or notable thing or matter:
The house is not much to look at.
adverb, more, most.
to a great extent or degree; greatly; far:
to talk too much; much heavier.
nearly, approximately, or about:
This is much like the others.
make much of,
  1. to treat, represent, or consider as of great importance:
    to make much of trivial matters.
  2. to treat with great consideration; show fondness for; flatter.
much as,
  1. almost the same as:
    We need exercise, much as we need nourishment.
  2. however much:
    Much as she wanted to stay at the party, she had to leave.
not so much, Informal. not (def 3).
Origin of much
1150-1200; Middle English muche, moche, apocopated variant of muchel, mochel, Old English mycel; replacing Middle English miche(l), Old English micel great, much (cf. mickle), cognate with Old Norse mikill, Gothic mikils, Greek mégal-, suppletive stem of mégas great
Can be confused
much, very (see usage note at very) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for much
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I'm forty-two and not so much of a fool that I ain't a little bit of a physician.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • It's much better you didn't recognise us; these boiler explosions are so messy.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • "So much the more need that we enshrine her image in our own hearts," rejoined Plato.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • Might not the same history be told of much that is believed?

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • Of all countries in the world, there is none I so much wish to visit as Persia.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
British Dictionary definitions for much


  1. (usually used with a negative) a great quantity or degree of: there isn't much honey left
  2. (as pronoun): much has been learned from this
(informal) a bit much, rather excessive
as much, exactly that: I suspected as much when I heard
make much of, See make of (sense 4)
not much of, not to any appreciable degree or extent: he's not much of an actor really
(informal) not up to much, of a low standard: this beer is not up to much
(used with a negative) think much of, to have a high opinion of: I don't think much of his behaviour
considerably: they're much better now
practically; nearly (esp in the phrase much the same)
(usually used with a negative) often; a great deal: it doesn't happen much in this country
much as, as much as, even though; although: much as I'd like to, I can't come
(predicative; usually used with a negative) impressive or important: this car isn't much
See also more, most
Word Origin
Old English mycel; related to Old English micel great, Old Saxon mikil, Gothic mikils; compare also Latin magnus, Greek megas
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for much

c.1200, worn down by loss of unaccented last syllable from Middle English muchel "large, much," from Old English micel "great in amount or extent," from Proto-Germanic *mekilaz, from PIE *meg- "great" (see mickle). As a noun and an adverb, from c.1200. For vowel evolution, see bury.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with much
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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