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neral

[neer-al] /ˈnɪər æl/
noun
1.
citral b.
See under citral.
Origin of neral
1935-1940
First recorded in 1935-40; ner(ol) + -al3

citral

[si-truh l] /ˈsɪ trəl/
noun, Chemistry.
1.
a pale yellow, water-insoluble, liquid aldehyde, C 10 H 16 O, having a strong lemonlike odor, consisting in natural form of two isomers (citral a or geranial and citral b or neral) usually obtained from the oils of lemon and orange or synthetically: used chiefly in perfumery, flavoring, and the synthesis of vitamin A.
Origin
First recorded in 1890-95; citr(us) + -al1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for neral

neral

/ˈnɪəræl/
noun
1.
(chem) the trans- isomer of citral
Word Origin
C20: from nerol (an alcohol from neroli oil) + -al³

citral

/ˈsɪtrəl/
noun
1.
a yellow volatile liquid with a lemon-like odour, found in oils of lemon grass, orange, and lemon and used in perfumery: a terpene aldehyde consisting of the cis- isomer (citral-a or geranial) and the trans- isomer (citral-b or neral). Formula: (CH3)2C:CH(CH2)2C(CH3):CHCHO
Word Origin
C19: from citr(us) + -al³
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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