Leix and Offaly must be pacified by a general pardon, followed by gentle dealings, or else the people must be extirpated.
The action of the Offaly corps of Volunteers, for instance, was typical.
In Leix and Offaly leases for twenty-one years were to be given; and religious reform was everywhere to be taken in hand.
Sheriffs were to be regularly appointed for Leix, Offaly, and for what is now the county of Wicklow.
Offaly turned away contemptuously, and, speaking in Irish, ordered his men to ‘take away the churl.’
Assuming that they were at his mercy, Offaly offered the citizens their lives if they would let him enter to besiege the castle.
He was succeeded by his son, Hugh, "who committed his regal depredation in Offaly."
O'Connor of Offaly, another chieftain who had also distinguished himself against the English, died about this time.
Philipstown near Tullamore was formerly the capital of the county and was the centre of the kingdom of Offaly.