late 15c., "financial loss incurred through damage to goods in transit," from French avarie "damage to ship," and Italian avaria; a word from 12c. Mediterranean maritime trade (cf. Spanish averia; other Germanic forms, Dutch avarij, German haferei, etc., also are from Romanic languages), of uncertain origin. Sometimes traced to Arabic 'arwariya "damaged merchandise," but this might as easily be a borrowing of the word from the Franks. Meaning shifted to "equal sharing of such loss by the interested parties." Transferred sense of "statement of a medial estimate" is first recorded 1735. The mathematical extension is from 1755.
1770; see average (n.).
1769, from average (n.). Related: Averaged; averaging.
average av·er·age (āv'ər-ĭj, āv'rĭj)
n.
A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.
See arithmetic mean.
An intermediate level or degree.
Of, relating to, or constituting an average.
Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale.
To calculate the average of.
To do or have an average of.
To distribute proportionately, as over a period of time.
average A number, especially the arithmetic mean, that is derived from and considered typical or representative of a set of numbers. Compare arithmetic mean, median, mode. |