- above in place or position: the roof over one's head.
- above and to the other side of: to leap over a wall.
- above in authority, rank, power, etc., so as to govern, control, or have jurisdiction regarding: There is no one over her in the department now.
- so as to rest on or cover; on or upon: Throw a sheet over the bed.
- on or upon, so as to cause an apparent change in one's mood, attitude, etc.: I can't imagine what has come over her.
- on or on top of: to hit someone over the head.
- here and there on or in; about: at various places over the country.
- through all parts of; all through: to roam over the estate; to show someone over the house.
- to and fro on or in; across; throughout: to travel all over Europe.
- from one side to the other of; to the other side of; across: to go over a bridge.
- on the other side of; across: lands over the sea.
- reaching higher than, so as to submerge: The water is over his shoulders.
- in excess of; more than: over a mile; not over five dollars.
- above in degree, quantity, etc.: a big improvement over last year's turnout.
- in preference to: chosen over another applicant.
- throughout the length of: The message was sent over a great distance.
- until after the end of: to adjourn over the holidays.
- throughout the duration of: over a long period of years.
- in reference to, concerning, or about: to quarrel over a matter.
- while engaged in or occupied with: to fall asleep over one's work.
- via; by means of: He told me over the phone. I heard it over the radio.
- beyond the top or upper surface or edge of something: a roof that hangs over.
- so as to cover the surface, or affect the whole surface: The furniture was covered over with dust.
- through a region, area, etc.: He was known the world over.
- at some distance, as in a direction indicated: They live over by the hill.
- from side to side; across; to the other side: to sail over.
- across an intervening space: Toss the ball over, will you?
- across or beyond the edge or rim: The soup boiled over. The bathtub ran over.
- from beginning to end; throughout: to read a paper over; Think it over.
- from one person, party, etc., to another: Hand the money over. He made the property over to his brother.
- on the other side, as of a sea, a river, or any space: over in Japan.
- so as to displace from an upright position: to knock over a glass of milk.
- so as to put in the reversed position: She turned the bottle over. The dog rolled over.
- once more; again: Do the work over.
- in repetition or succession: twenty times over.
- in excess or addition: to pay the full sum and something over.
- in excess of or beyond a certain amount: Five goes into seven once, with two over.
- throughout or beyond a period of time: to stay over till Monday.
- to one's residence, office, or the like: Why don't you come over for lunch?
- so as to reach a place across an intervening space, body of water, etc.: Her ancestors came over on the Mayflower
- upper; higher up.
- higher in authority, station, etc.
- serving, or intended to serve, as an outer covering; outer.
- remaining or additional, surplus; extra.
- too great; excessive (usually used in combination): Insufficient tact and overaggressiveness are two of his problems.
- ended; done; past: when the war was over.
- an amount in excess or addition; extra.
- Military. a shot that strikes or bursts beyond the target.
- the number of balls, usually six, delivered between successive changes of bowlers.
- the part of the game played between such changes.
- to go or get over; leap over.
- Southern U.S. to recover from.
- (used in radio communications to signify that the sender has temporarily finished transmitting and is awaiting a reply or acknowledgment.)Compare out(def 53).
- all over,
- over the entire surface of; everywhere: material printed all over with a floral design.
- thoroughly; entirely.
- finished: The war was all over and the soldiers came home.
- all over with, ended; finished: It seemed miraculous that the feud was all over with.
- over again, in repetition; once more: The director had the choir sing one passage over again.
- over against. against(def 13).
- over and above, in addition to; besides: a profit over and above what they had anticipated.
- over and over, several times; repeatedly: They played the same record over and over.
- over the hill. hill(def 11).
- over there, Informal. (in the U.S. during and after World War I) in or to Europe: Many of the boys who went over there never came back.
- over with, finished or done: Let's get this thing over with, so that we don't have to worry about it any more.
Origin of over
- directly above; on the top of; via the top or upper surface ofover one's head
- on or to the other side ofover the river
- during; through, or throughout (a period of time)
- in or throughout all parts ofto travel over England
- throughout the whole extent ofover the racecourse
- above; in preference toI like that over everything else
- by the agency of (an instrument of telecommunication)we heard it over the radio
- more thanover a century ago
- on the subject of; aboutan argument over nothing
- while occupied indiscussing business over golf
- having recovered from the effects ofshe's not over that last love affair yet
- over and above added to; in addition tohe earns a large amount over and above his salary
- in a state, condition, situation, or position that is or has been placed or put over somethingto climb over
- (particle) so as to cause to fallknocking over a policeman
- at or to a point across intervening space, water, etccome over and see us; over in America
- throughout a whole areathe world over
- (particle) from beginning to end, usually cursorilyto read a document over
- throughout a period of timestay over for this week
- (esp in signalling and radio) it is now your turn to speak, act, etc
- more than is expected or usualnot over well
- over again once more
- over against
- opposite to
- contrasting with
- over and over (often foll by again) repeatedly
- over the odds
- in addition, esp when not expected
- unfair or excessive
- (postpositive) finished; no longer in progressis the concert over yet?
- remaining; surplus (often in the phrase left over)
- a series of six balls bowled by a bowler from the same end of the pitch
- the play during this
Word Origin and History for over and above
Old English ofer "beyond, above, upon, in, across, past; on high," from Proto-Germanic *uberi (cf. Old Saxon obar, Old Frisian over, Old Norse yfir, Old High German ubar, German über, Gothic ufar "over, above"), from PIE *uper (see super-). As an adjective from Old English uffera. As an adverb from late Old English. Sense of "finished" is attested from late 14c. Meaning "recovered from" is from 1929. In radio communication, used to indicate the speaker has finished speaking (1926). Adjective phrase over-the-counter is attested from 1875, originally of stocks and shares.
Idioms and Phrases with over and above
over and above
In addition to, besides, as in Over and above travel expenses he was given a daily allowance. [Early 1500s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with over
- over a barrel
- over again
- over against
- over and above
- over and done with
- over and over
- over my dead body
- over one's head
- over the edge
- over the hill
- over the hump
- over the top
- over with
(and entries beginning with all over)bend over backwardbind overblow overboil overbowl overcarry overcheck on (over)chew the cud (over)cloud overcome overcross overcrow overcry over spilt milkdo overdraw a veil overdrop by (over)fall all overfork overfuck overget overget the advantage of (over)give overgloss overgo overhand overhand over fisthang overhash overhave a hold overhave it (all over someone)head over heelshold overhoneymoon is overin deep water (over one's head)it's all over withjump all overkeel overkeep watch (over)kick over the tracesknock for a loop (over with a feather)knock overlay overlook like death (warmed over)look overlord it overlose sleep overmake overmind over mattermull overonce over lightlypaper overparty's overpass overpick overpull overpull the wool over someone's eyesput overrake over the coalsride roughshod overroll overroof over one's headrun one's eyes overrun overscoot oversign oversleep oversmooth overstand overstart overstop off (over)take overtalk overthink overthrow overtide overtill hell freezes overturn in (over) one's graveturn overturn over a new leafwalk all overwatch overwater over the damwin overwork over.