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paradigm

[par-uh-dahym, -dim]
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noun
  1. Grammar.
    1. a set of forms all of which contain a particular element, especially the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
    2. a display in fixed arrangement of such a set, as boy, boy's, boys, boys'.
  2. an example serving as a model; pattern.
    1. a framework containing the basic assumptions, ways of thinking, and methodology that are commonly accepted by members of a scientific community.
    2. such a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group: the company’s business paradigm.

Origin of paradigm

1475–85; < Late Latin paradīgma < Greek parádeigma pattern (verbid of paradeiknýnai to show side by side), equivalent to para- para-1 + deik-, base of deiknýnai to show (see deictic) + -ma noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for paradigm

paradigm

noun
  1. grammar the set of all the inflected forms of a word or a systematic arrangement displaying these forms
  2. a pattern or model
  3. a typical or stereotypical example (esp in the phrase paradigm case)
  4. (in the philosophy of science) a very general conception of the nature of scientific endeavour within which a given enquiry is undertaken
Derived Formsparadigmatic (ˌpærədɪɡˈmætɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C15: via French and Latin from Greek paradeigma pattern, from paradeiknunai to compare, from para- 1 + deiknunai to show
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for paradigm

n.

late 15c., from Late Latin paradigma "pattern, example," especially in grammar, from Greek paradeigma "pattern, model; precedent, example," from paradeiknynai "exhibit, represent," literally "show side by side," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + deiknynai "to show" (cognate with Latin dicere "to show;" see diction). Related: Paradigmatic; paradigmatical.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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