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partisan1

[pahr-tuh-zuh n, -suh n; British pahr-tuh-zan]
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noun
  1. an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.
  2. Military. a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or characteristic of partisans; partial to a specific party, person, etc.: partisan politics.
  2. of, relating to, or carried on by military partisans or guerrillas.
Also partizan.

Origin of partisan1

1545–55; < Middle French, from Upper Italian parteźan (Tuscan partigiano), equivalent to part(e) “faction, part” + -eźan (from unattested Vulgar Latin *-ēs- -ese + Latin -iānus -ian)
Related formspar·ti·san·ship, par·ti·san·ry, noun

Synonyms

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3. biased, prejudiced.

Synonym study

1. See follower.

Antonyms

1. opponent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for partisanship

partisan1

partizan

noun
  1. an adherent or devotee of a cause, party, etc
    1. a member of an armed resistance group within occupied territory, esp in Italy or the Balkans in World War II
    2. (as modifier)partisan forces
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or characteristic of a partisan
  2. relating to or excessively devoted to one party, faction, etc; one-sidedpartisan control
Derived Formspartisanship or partizanship, noun

Word Origin

C16: via French, from Old Italian partigiano, from parte faction, from Latin pars part

partisan2

partizan

noun
  1. a spear or pike with two opposing axe blades or spikes

Word Origin

C16: from French partizane, from Old Italian partigiana, from partigiano partisan 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for partisanship

n.

1831, from partisan + -ship.

partisan

adj.

1708 for warfare, 1842 for politics, from partisan (n.).

partisan

n.

also partizan, 1550s, "one who takes part with another, zealous supporter," from Middle French partisan (15c.), from dialectal upper Italian partezan (Tuscan partigiano) "member of a faction, partner," from parte "part, party," from Latin partem (nominative pars), see part (n.). Sense of "guerilla fighter" is first recorded 1690s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper