The archer using these heavy weapons was entrenched behind a pavis or shield fixed in the ground as shown on Fig. 37.
The pavis or Pavoise (Fig. 37) was more generally used by archers and crossbowmen as a cover.
But the archers of the besiegers sought to put themselves on more equal terms with their opponents by using the pavis or mantelet.
The pavis was a tall shield, curved so as partly to envelop the person of the bearer, broad at the top and tapering to the feet.
The most interesting example which we have met of the employment of the pavis and mantelet, is in a picture in the Harl.