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penitent

[pen-i-tuh nt]
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adjective
  1. feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.
noun
  1. a penitent person.
  2. Roman Catholic Church. a person who confesses sin and submits to a penance.

Origin of penitent

1325–75; Middle English < Medieval Latin pēnitent-, Latin paenitent- (stem of paenitēns), present participle of paenitēre to regret; replacing Middle English penaunt < Anglo-French; see penance
Related formspen·i·tent·ly, adverbnon·pen·i·tent, adjective, nounun·pen·i·tent, adjectiveun·pen·i·tent·ly, adverb

Synonyms

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1. remorseful, rueful, sorrowful.

Antonyms

1. unrepentant, impenitent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for penitent

penitent

adjective
  1. feeling regret for one's sins; repentant
noun
  1. a person who is penitent
  2. Christianity
    1. a person who repents his sins and seeks forgiveness for them
    2. RC Churcha person who confesses his sins to a priest and submits to a penance imposed by him
Derived Formspenitence, nounpenitently, adverb

Word Origin

C14: from Church Latin paenitēns regretting, from paenitēre to repent, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penitent

adj.

mid-14c., from Old French pénitent (14c.) and directly from Latin paenitentem (see penitence). As a noun, late 14c., from the adjective.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper