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peritonitis

[per-i-tn-ahy-tis]
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noun Pathology.
  1. inflammation of the peritoneum, often accompanied by pain and tenderness in the abdomen, vomiting, constipation, and moderate fever.

Origin of peritonitis

First recorded in 1770–80; periton(eum) + -itis
Related formsper·i·to·nit·ic [per-i-tn-it-ik] /ˌpɛr ɪ tnˈɪt ɪk/, per·i·to·nit·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for peritonitis

peritonitis

noun
  1. inflammation of the peritoneum
Derived Formsperitonitic (ˌpɛrɪtəˈnɪtɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for peritonitis

n.

1776, medical Latin, coined c.1750 by French pathologist François-Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1706-1767) from Greek peritonos (from peritonaion; see peritoneum) + -itis.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

peritonitis in Medicine

adhesive peritonitis

n.
  1. Peritonitis characterized by a fibrinous exudate that mats together the intestines and various other organs.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

peritonitis in Science

peritonitis

[pĕr′ĭ-tn-ītĭs]
  1. Infection or inflammation of the peritoneal cavity, usually caused by a ruptured organ, such as the appendix, in the gastrointestinal tract.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.