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portcullis

[pawrt-kuhl-is, pohrt-] /pɔrtˈkʌl ɪs, poʊrt-/
noun
1.
(especially in medieval castles) a strong grating, as of iron, made to slide along vertical grooves at the sides of a gateway of a fortified place and let down to prevent passage.
Origin of portcullis
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English portecolys < Middle French porte coleice, equivalent to porte port4 + coleice, feminine of coleis flowing, sliding < Vulgar Latin *cōlātīcius; see coulee, -itious
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for portcullis
Historical Examples
  • When Corkran got to his portcullis, he thought he'd reached the reward of his labours.

    It Happened in Egypt C. N. Williamson
  • Bid the varlets lower the draw-bridge and raise the portcullis.

    The Nebuly Coat John Meade Falkner
  • Turning, they wished to flee into the castle and pull down the portcullis.

    King Arthur's Knights

    Henry Gilbert
  • Edouard felt as it were a portcullis of ice come down between her and him.

    White Lies Charles Reade
  • This suggests colander, which, like portcullis, belongs to Lat.

  • The sun was sinking in shrouds of gray when we passed the portcullis at Roche-Mauprat.

    Mauprat George Sand
  • They were placed in two apartments, divided by a portcullis.

  • The portcullis had dropped; the days of his service in England were over.

    Benjamin Franklin John Torrey Morse, Jr.
  • "We are not wont to be summoned after once the portcullis is up," said he.

    Sir Nigel Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Unless the drawbridge can be lowered and portcullis raised—none!

    The Young Castellan George Manville Fenn
British Dictionary definitions for portcullis

portcullis

/pɔːtˈkʌlɪs/
noun
1.
an iron or wooden grating suspended vertically in grooves in the gateway of a castle or fortified town and able to be lowered so as to bar the entrance
Word Origin
C14 port colice, from Old French porte coleïce sliding gate, from porte door, entrance + coleïce, from couler to slide, flow, from Late Latin cōlāre to filter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for portcullis
n.

also port-cullis, c.1300, from Old French porte coleice "sliding gate" (c.1200, Modern French porte à coulisse), from porte "gate" (see port (n.2)) + coleice "sliding, flowing," fem. of coleis, from Latin colatus, past participle of colare "to filter, strain" (see colander).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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