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prig1

[prig] /prɪg/
noun
1.
a person who displays or demands of others pointlessly precise conformity, fussiness about trivialities, or exaggerated propriety, especially in a self-righteous or irritating manner.
Origin of prig1
1560-1570
First recorded in 1560-70; formerly, coxcomb; perhaps akin to prink
Related forms
priggish, adjective
priggishly, adverb
priggishness, noun
unpriggish, adjective
Synonyms
prude, puritan, bluenose.

prig2

[prig] /prɪg/
verb (used with object), prigged, prigging.
1.
Chiefly British. to steal.
verb (used without object), prigged, prigging.
2.
Scot. and North England. to haggle or argue over price.
3.
British Informal. to beg or entreat; ask a favor.
noun
4.
Chiefly British. a thief.
Origin
First recorded in 1505-15; orig. thieves' cant; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for prig
Historical Examples
  • It shows you are not yet the prig you would have folks believe.

  • I wish to God talking like this didn't make a fellow feel like a prig!

    Changing Winds

    St. John G. Ervine
  • I hope I am not a prig, and, whatever I am or am not, priggishness had no part in my feelings then.

    Kent Knowles: Quahaug Joseph C. Lincoln
  • How came so sweet a blossom to waste her perfumes on such a prig?

    Scaramouche Rafael Sabatini
  • But a man who can feel horror at such a thing as this is a prig in religion.

    Is He Popenjoy?

    Anthony Trollope
  • But then his wife is a prig too, and I do not see why they should not suit each other.

    Kept in the Dark

    Anthony Trollope
  • There was not to be found among them what in England is known as a prig.

    Memoirs Charles Godfrey Leland
  • Conscious superiority is the note of the prig; and we have the right to dread it.

    Joyous Gard Arthur Christopher Benson
  • But the precocious Adams had only a little of the prig and nothing of the hypocrite in his nature.

    John Quincy Adams John. T. Morse
  • Oh, I dare say they'd make a good team,—one's a prude and the other a prig.

    Under Fire Charles King
British Dictionary definitions for prig

prig1

/prɪɡ/
noun
1.
a person who is smugly self-righteous and narrow-minded
Derived Forms
priggery, priggishness, noun
priggish, adjective
priggishly, adverb
priggism, noun
Word Origin
C18: of unknown origin

prig2

/prɪɡ/
verb prigs, prigging, prigged
1.
another word for steal
noun
2.
another word for thief
Word Origin
C16: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prig
n.

"precisian in speech or manners," 1753, originally in reference to theological scruples (1704), of unknown origin; earlier appearances of the same word meaning "dandy, fop" (1670s), "thief" (c.1600; in form prigger recorded from 1560s) could be related, as could thieves' cant prig "a tinker" (1560s).

A p[rig] is wise beyond his years in all the things that do not matter. A p. cracks nuts with a steam hammer: that is, calls in the first principles of morality to decide whether he may, or must, do something of as little importance as drinking a glass of beer. On the whole, one may, perhaps, say that all his different characteristics come from the combination, in varying proportions, of three things--the desire to do his duty, the belief that he knows better than other people, & blindness to the difference in value between different things. ["anonymous essay," quoted in Fowler, 1926]
Related: Priggery.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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