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propagate

[prop-uh-geyt] /ˈprɒp əˌgeɪt/
verb (used with object), propagated, propagating.
1.
to cause (an organism) to multiply by any process of natural reproduction from the parent stock.
2.
to reproduce (itself, its kind, etc.), as an organism does.
3.
to transmit (hereditary features or elements) to, or through, offspring.
4.
to spread (a report, doctrine, practice, etc.) from person to person; disseminate.
5.
to cause to increase in number or amount.
6.
to create (an effect) at a distance, as by electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc., traveling through space or a physical medium; transmit:
to propagate sound.
verb (used without object), propagated, propagating.
7.
to multiply by any process of natural reproduction, as organisms; breed.
8.
to increase in extent, as a structural flaw:
The crack will propagate only to this joint.
9.
(of electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc.) to travel through space or a physical medium.
Origin of propagate
1560-1570
1560-70; < Latin propāgātus (past participle of propāgāre to reproduce (a plant) by cuttings, spread for sprouting, propagate, enlarge), equivalent to propāg(ēs) something set out, scion, slip (pro- pro-1 + pāg-, base of pangere to fasten + -ēs noun suffix) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
propagative, propagatory
[prop-uh-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈprɒp ə gəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
propagator, noun
nonpropagative, adjective
self-propagated, adjective
self-propagating, adjective
unpropagated, adjective
unpropagative, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for propagate
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He became a Christian in middle age, dedicated his life to propagate the faith which he had embraced, and died a martyr for it.

  • A new poetry flourished to develop and propagate the new ideal.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • You will repulse with contempt the perfidious insinuations which malevolence seeks to propagate.

    Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time Franois Pierre Guillaume Guizot
  • A missionary is one who is sent on a mission; especially one sent to propagate religion.

    Orthography Elmer W. Cavins
  • In nature, the great result is to yield abundant quantity of seeds, that the species may propagate itself after its kind.

    The Apple-Tree L. H. Bailey
  • A dynamic focus tends ever to propagate the motion which is proper to it.

British Dictionary definitions for propagate

propagate

/ˈprɒpəˌɡeɪt/
verb
1.
(biology) to reproduce or cause to reproduce; breed
2.
(transitive) (horticulture) to produce (plants) by layering, grafting, cuttings, etc
3.
(transitive) to promulgate; disseminate
4.
(physics) to move through, cause to move through, or transmit, esp in the form of a wave: to propagate sound
5.
(transitive) to transmit (characteristics) from one generation to the next
Derived Forms
propagation, noun
propagational, adjective
propagative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin propāgāre to increase (plants) by cuttings, from propāgēs a cutting, from pangere to fasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for propagate
v.

1560s, "to cause to multiply," from Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare "to set forward, extend, procreate" (see propagation). Intransitive sense "reproduce one's kind" is from c.1600. Related: Propagated; propagating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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propagate in Medicine

propagate prop·a·gate (prŏp'ə-gāt')
v. prop·a·gat·ed, prop·a·gat·ing, prop·a·gates

  1. To cause an organism to multiply or breed.

  2. To breed offspring.

  3. To transmit characteristics from one generation to another.

  4. To cause to move in some direction or through a medium, such as a wave or a nerve impulse.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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