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2017 Word of the Year

Qatar

or Katar

[kah-tahr, kuh-tahr] /ˈkɑ tɑr, kəˈtɑr/
noun
1.
an independent emirate on the Persian Gulf; under British protection until 1971. 8500 sq. mi. (22,000 sq. km).
Capital: Doha.
Related forms
Qatari, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for Qatar

Qatar

/kæˈtɑː/
noun
1.
a state in E Arabia, occupying a peninsula in the Persian Gulf: under Persian rule until the 19th century; became a British protectorate in 1916; declared independence in 1971; exports petroleum and natural gas. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: (Sunni) Muslim. Currency: riyal. Capital: Doha. Pop: 2 042 444 (2013 est). Area: about 11 000 sq km (4250 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Qatar

probably from Arabic katran "tar, resin," in reference to petroleum. Related: Qatari.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Qatar in Culture
Qatar [(kah-tahr, kuh-tahr)]

Kingdom on the Arabian Peninsula, located on a small peninsula extending into the Persian Gulf, bordered to the south by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

Note: Qatar was a British protectorate from 1916 to 1971.
Note: It has successfully exploited its oil reserves since 1949.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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