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quash

[kwosh]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to put down or suppress completely; quell; subdue: to quash a rebellion.
  2. to make void, annul, or set aside (a law, indictment, decision, etc.).

Origin of quash

1300–50; Middle English quashen to smash, break, overcome, suppress < Old French quasser, in part < Latin quassāre to shake (frequentative of quatere to shake; cf. concussion); in part < Late Latin cassāre to annul, derivative of Latin cassus empty, void
Related formsun·quashed, adjective

Synonyms

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1. crush, squash, quench, repress.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for quashed

quash

verb (tr)
  1. to subdue forcefully and completely; put down; suppress
  2. to annul or make void (a law, decision, etc)
  3. to reject (an indictment, writ, etc) as invalid

Word Origin

C14: from Old French quasser, from Latin quassāre to shake
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for quashed

quash

v.

"to make void, annul," early 14c., from Old French quasser, casser "to annul, declare void," and directly from Medieval Latin quassare, alteration of Late Latin cassare, from cassus "null, void, empty" (see caste (n.)).

Meaning "to break, crush," is early 14c., from Old French quasser, casser "to break, smash, injure, harm, weaken," from Latin quassare "to shatter," frequentative of quatere (past participle quassus) "to shake," from PIE root *kwet- "to shake" (cf. Greek passein "to sprinkle," Lithuanian kuteti "to shake up," Old Saxon skuddian "to move violently," German schütteln "to shake," Old English scudan "to hasten").

The words have influenced each other in form and sense since Medieval Latin and now are somewhat grown together. Related: Quashed; quashing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper