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rabbet

[rab-it] /ˈræb ɪt/
noun
1.
a deep notch formed in or near one edge of a board, framing timber, etc., so that something else can be fitted into it or so that a door or the like can be closed against it.
2.
a broad groove let into the surface of a board or the like; dado.
verb (used with object), rabbeted, rabbeting.
3.
to cut a rabbet in (a board or the like).
4.
to join (boards or the like) by means of a rabbet or rabbets.
verb (used without object), rabbeted, rabbeting.
5.
to join by a rabbet (usually followed by on or over).
Also, rebate.
Origin of rabbet
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English rabet < Old French rabat, derivative of rabattre to beat back, beat down; see rebate1
Related forms
unrabbeted, adjective
Can be confused
rabbet, rabbit, rarebit, rebate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for rabbet
Historical Examples
  • Set the fence and the stop at the desired width and depth of the rabbet.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • In an end-lap joint on rabbeted pieces the joint must be adapted to the rabbet.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The rabbet should therefore be plowed before the joint is made.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • It also fits into a rabbet on the upper back side of the shelf.

    Handwork in Wood

    William Noyes
  • The sinking a rabbet in the dead-wood, wherein the heels of the timbers rest.

    The Sailor's Word-Book William Henry Smyth
  • Cut them to fit the mortises in the posts, also rabbet the back rails for the backing.

    Mission Furniture

    H. H. Windsor
  • Cut tenons on the end rails and rabbet them and the side pieces for the panels.

    Mission Furniture

    H. H. Windsor
  • The panel may be of one piece, set into the rabbet and grooves.

    Carpentry and Woodwork

    Edwin W. Foster
  • This rabbet should not come quite to the front edge of the top.

    Woodworking for Beginners Charles Gardner Wheeler
  • The back should be set in a rabbet as in the cases already shown.

    Woodworking for Beginners Charles Gardner Wheeler
British Dictionary definitions for rabbet

rabbet

/ˈræbɪt/
noun
1.
a recess, groove, or step, usually of rectangular section, cut into a surface or along the edge of a piece of timber to receive a mating piece
2.
a joint made between two pieces of timber using a rabbet
verb (transitive)
3.
to cut or form a rabbet in (timber)
4.
to join (pieces of timber) using a rabbet
Word Origin
C15: from Old French rabattre to beat down
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rabbet
n.

"rectangular groove cut out of the edge of a piece of wood or stone so that it may join by lapping with others," late 14c., from Old French rabat "a recess in a wall, a lower section," literally "a beating down," a back-formation from rabattre "to beat down, beat back" (see rebate (v.)). The verb is attested from mid-15c. (implied in rabetynge).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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