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raspberry

[raz-ber-ee, -buh-ree, rahz-]
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noun, plural rasp·ber·ries.
  1. the fruit of any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Rubus, of the rose family, consisting of small and juicy red, black, or pale yellow drupelets forming a detachable cap about a convex receptacle.
  2. any shrub bearing this fruit.
  3. a dark reddish-purple color.
  4. Informal.
    1. Bronx cheer.
    2. any sign or expression of dislike or derision.
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Origin of raspberry

1615–25; earlier rasp(is) raspberry (< ?) + berry; (def 4) by shortening of raspberry tart, rhyming slang for fart
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for raspberry

raspberry

noun plural -ries
  1. any of the prickly shrubs of the rosaceous genus Rubus, such as R. strigosus of E North America and R. idaeus of Europe, that have pinkish-white flowers and typically red berry-like fruits (drupelets)See also bramble
    1. the fruit of any such plant
    2. (as modifier)raspberry jelly
  2. black raspberry Popular name: blackcap
    1. a related plant, Rubus occidentalis, of E North America, that has black berry-like fruits
    2. the fruit of this plant
    1. a dark purplish-red colour
    2. (as adjective)a raspberry dress
  3. a spluttering noise made with the tongue and lips to express contempt (esp in the phrase blow a raspberry)
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Word Origin

C17: from earlier raspis raspberry, of unknown origin + berry : C19 in sense 5, from rhyming slang raspberry tart fart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for raspberry

n.

1620s, earlier raspis berry (1540s), possibly from raspise "a sweet rose-colored wine" (mid-15c.), from Anglo-Latin vinum raspeys, origin uncertain, as is the connection between this and Old French raspe, Medieval Latin raspecia, raspeium, also meaning "raspberry." One suggestion is via Old Walloon raspoie "thicket," of Germanic origin. Klein suggests it is via the French word, from a Germanic source akin to English rasp (v.), with an original sense of "rough berry," based on appearance.

A native plant of Europe and Asiatic Russia, the name was applied to a similar vine in North America. Meaning "rude sound" (1890) is shortening of raspberry tart, rhyming slang for fart.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper