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2017 Word of the Year

redd1

or red

[red] /rɛd/
verb (used with object), redd or redded, redding. Northern and Midland U.S.
1.
to put in order; tidy:
to redd a room for company.
2.
to clear:
to redd the way.
Origin of redd1
900
before 900; apparently conflation of 2 words: Middle English (Scots) reden to clear, clean up (a space, land), Old English gerǣdan to put in order (cognate with Middle Dutch, Middle Low German rêden, reiden; akin to ready); and Middle English (Scots) redden to rid, free, clear, Old English hreddan to save, deliver, rescue (cognate with Old Frisian hredda, German retten)

redd2

[red] /rɛd/
noun
1.
the spawning area or nest of trout or salmon.
Origin
First recorded in 1640-50; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for redd
Historical Examples
  • Then she went indoors to redd up the houseplace and to attire herself.

    The Fifth Queen Crowned

    Ford Madox Ford
  • So the Duff Charringtons have been backing the little redd girl?

    The Doctor Ralph Connor
  • The house, and especially the kitchen, was thoroughly "redd up."

    The Man From Glengarry Ralph Connor
  • She had redd up her house for the last time and put on her black merino.

    The Little Minister J. M. Barrie
  • Oh, so I had, mem; but I just fan' a doo in the redd o' my plate.

  • "It'll take you a good two hours to redd up," observed Polly Dawson.

    Verner's Pride Mrs. Henry Wood
  • One Vice Admirall of the ffleet to weare the usuall fflagg in his foretopp wth a pendant under his fflagg and an ensigne of redd.

    British Flags W. G. Perrin
  • I hear that ane Englishe man hath writtin against it, but I have not redd him.

  • There has been some cursed commotion among the folk of the hills, and I am out the morrow to redd the marches.

  • The masons could have redd out the fireplace to make room for't in the afternoon before it comes hame.

    The House with the Green Shutters

    George Douglas Brown
British Dictionary definitions for redd

redd1

/rɛd/
verb redds, redding, redd, redded
1.
(transitive) often foll by up. to bring order to; tidy (up)
noun
2.
the act or an instance of redding
Derived Forms
redder, noun
Word Origin
C15 redden to clear, perhaps a variant of rid

redd2

/rɛd/
noun
1.
a hollow in sand or gravel on a river bed, scooped out as a spawning place by salmon, trout, or other fish
Word Origin
C17 (originally: spawn): of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for redd
v.

early 15c., "to clear" (a space, etc.), from Old English hreddan "to save, free from, deliver, recover, rescue," from Proto-Germanic *hradjan. Sense evolution tended to merge with unrelated rid. Also possibly influenced by Old English rædan "to arrange," related to Old English geræde, source of ready (adj.).

A dialect word in Scotland and northern England, where it has had senses of "to fix" (boundaries), "to comb" (hair), "to separate" (combatants), "to settle" (a quarrel). The exception to the limited use is the meaning "to put in order, to make neat or trim" (1718), especially in redd up, which is in general use in England and the U.S. Use of the same phrase, in the same sense, in Pennsylvania Dutch may be from cognate Low German and Dutch redden, obviously connected historically to the English word, "but the origin and relationship of the forms is not clear" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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