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reindeer

[reyn-deer] /ˈreɪnˌdɪər/
noun, plural reindeer (occasionally) reindeers.
1.
any of several large deer of the genus Rangifer, of northern and arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, both male and female of which have antlers.
Origin of reindeer
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English raynder(e) < Old Norse hreindȳri, equivalent to hreinn reindeer + dȳr animal (cognate with deer)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for reindeer
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But of all the beasts that begged to do him service, Claus liked the reindeer best.

  • Certainly, if the reindeer had a fault, it was that it was too clean.

    Henry Dunbar M. E. Braddon
  • Mr. Vincent left the reindeer, and Clement went to his mother's room.

    Henry Dunbar M. E. Braddon
  • I have but ridden from the reindeer this morning, and so I am neither fatigued nor dusted.

    Victor's Triumph Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
  • "We must go to the old reindeer and hire their hack," said Mr. Lyle.

    Victor's Triumph Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
British Dictionary definitions for reindeer

reindeer

/ˈreɪnˌdɪə/
noun (pl) -deer, -deers
1.
a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, having large branched antlers in the male and female and inhabiting the arctic regions of Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It also occurs in North America, where it is known as a caribou
Word Origin
C14: from Old Norse hreindӯri, from hreinn reindeer + dyr animal; related to Dutch rendier, German Rentier; see deer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reindeer
n.

c.1400, from a Scandinavian source, cf. Old Norse hreindyri "reindeer," from dyr "animal" (see deer) + hreinn, by itself the usual name for the animal, from Proto-Germanic *khrinda- (cf. Old English hran "reindeer;" German Renn "reindeer," which was altered by folk etymology influence of rennen "to run;" Swedish ren-ko "female reindeer," with ko "cow" (n.)).

Probably from PIE *krei-, from base *ker- (1) "horn, head," with derivatives referring to horned animals (both male and female reindeer have horns; those of the male are remarkable), and thus perhaps cognate with Greek krios "ram" (see kerato-). Older sources connect it to words in Lapp or Finnish. French renne, Spanish reno, Italian renna ultimately are from Germanic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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