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reparation

[rep-uh-rey-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the making of amends for wrong or injury done: reparation for an injustice.
  2. Usually reparations. compensation in money, material, labor, etc., payable by a defeated country to another country or to an individual for loss suffered during or as a result of war.
  3. restoration to good condition.
  4. repair1(def 7).

Origin of reparation

1350–1400; Middle English reparacion < Middle French < Late Latin reparātiōn- (stem of reparātiō), equivalent to Latin reparāt(us) (past participle of reparāre to repair1; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsnon·rep·a·ra·tion, noun

Synonyms

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1. indemnification, atonement, satisfaction, compensation. See redress. 3. renewal, renovation; repair.

Antonyms

3. destruction.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for reparation

reparation

noun
  1. the act or process of making amendsan injury admitting of no reparation
  2. (usually plural) compensation exacted as an indemnity from a defeated nation by the victors: esp the compensation demanded of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles after World War I
  3. the act or process of repairing or state of having been repaired
Derived Formsreparative (rɪˈpærətɪv) or reparatory, adjective

Word Origin

C14 reparacioun, ultimately from Latin reparāre to repair 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reparation

n.

late 14c., "reconciliation," from Old French reparacion and directly from Late Latin reparationem (nominative reparatio) "act of repairing, restoration," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin reparare "restore, repair" (see repair (v.1)). Meaning "act of repairing or mending" is attested from c.1400. Reparations "compensation for war damaged owed by the aggressor" is attested from 1921, with reference to Germany, from French réparations (1919).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

reparation in Culture

reparation

Compensation demanded by a victorious nation from a defeated nation. Reparations can be in the form of goods or money.

Note

After World War I, heavy reparation debts were imposed on Germany by Britain, France, and the other victorious nations. Resentment over these reparations aided the rise of Adolf Hitler.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.