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replication

[rep-li-key-shuh n]
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noun
  1. a reply; answer.
  2. a reply to an answer.
  3. Law. the reply of the plaintiff or complainant to the defendant's plea or answer.
  4. reverberation; echo.
  5. a copy.
  6. the act or process of replicating, especially for experimental purposes.
  7. Genetics. the process by which double-stranded DNA makes copies of itself, each strand, as it separates, synthesizing a complementary strand.
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Origin of replication

1325–75; Middle English replicacioun < Middle French replication < Latin replicātiōn- (stem of replicātiō) a rolling back, equivalent to replicāt(us) (see replicate) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsnon·rep·li·ca·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for replication

replication

noun
  1. a reply or response
  2. law (formerly) the plaintiff's reply to a defendant's answer or plea
  3. biology the production of exact copies of complex molecules, such as DNA molecules, that occurs during growth of living organisms
  4. repetition of a procedure, such as a scientific experiment, in order to reduce errors
  5. a less common word for replica
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Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Latin replicātiō a folding back, from replicāre to unroll; see reply
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for replication

n.

late 14c., "action of folding back," also "legal reply (third step in the pleadings in a common-law action), rejoinder," from Anglo-French replicacioun, Old French replicacion "reply, answer," from Latin replicationem (nominative replicatio) "a reply, repetition, a folding back," from past participle stem of replicare "to repeat, reply," literally "to fold back" (see reply (v.)). Meaning "a copy, reproduction" first recorded 1690s. Sense in genetics is from 1948.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

replication in Medicine

replication

(rĕp′lĭ-kāshən)
n.
  1. The act or process of duplicating or reproducing something.
  2. Autoreproduction.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.