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reverse

[ri-vurs]
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adjective
  1. opposite or contrary in position, direction, order, or character: an impression reverse to what was intended; in reverse sequence.
  2. with the back or rear part toward the observer: the reverse side of a fabric.
  3. pertaining to or producing movement in a mechanism opposite to that made under ordinary running conditions: a reverse gear; a reverse turbine.
  4. acting in a manner opposite or contrary to that which is usual, as an appliance or apparatus.
  5. noting or pertaining to an image like that seen in a mirror; backward; reversed.
  6. noting or pertaining to printed matter in which what is normally white, as the page of a book, appears as black, and vice versa.
noun
  1. the opposite or contrary of something.
  2. the back or rear of anything.
  3. Numismatics.
    1. the side of a coin, medal, etc., that does not bear the principal design (opposed to obverse).
    2. the side of an ancient coin that was struck by the upper die.
  4. an adverse change of fortune; a misfortune, check, or defeat: to meet with an unexpected reverse.
  5. Machinery.
    1. the condition of being reversed: to throw an engine into reverse.
    2. a reversing mechanism.
  6. Football. a play on offense in which one back running laterally hands the ball to another back who is running in the opposite direction and who then makes either an end run or a cutback.
  7. Bridge. reverse bid.
  8. Printing. printed matter in which areas that normally appear as white are printed in black, and vice versa.
verb (used with object), re·versed, re·vers·ing.
  1. to turn in an opposite position; transpose: The printer accidently reversed two chapters of the book.
  2. to turn in the opposite direction; send on the opposite course.
  3. to turn inside out or upside down.
  4. to change the direction of running of (a mechanism).
  5. to cause (a mechanism) to run in a direction opposite to that in which it commonly runs.
  6. to revoke or annul (a decree, judgment, etc.): to reverse a verdict.
  7. to alter to the opposite in character or tendency; change completely.
  8. to turn in the opposite order: to reverse the process of evolution.
  9. Printing. to print as a reverse.
verb (used without object), re·versed, re·vers·ing.
  1. to shift into reverse gear: The driver drove forward, then reversed.
  2. (of a mechanism) to be reversed.
  3. to turn or move in the opposite or contrary direction, as in dancing.
  4. Bridge. to make a reverse bid.

Origin of reverse

1275–1325; (noun) Middle English revers < Old French < Latin reversus, past participle of revertere to revert (see verse); (v.) Middle English reversen < Old French reverser < Late Latin reversāre, frequentative of revertere
Related formsre·vers·ed·ly [ri-vur-sid-lee, -vurst-lee] /rɪˈvɜr sɪd li, -ˈvɜrst li/, adverbre·verse·ly, adverbre·vers·er, nounhalf-re·versed, adjectivenon·re·verse, adjective, nounnon·re·versed, adjectivenon·re·vers·ing, adjectivepre·re·verse, noun, verb (used with object), pre·re·versed, pre·re·vers·ing.un·re·versed, adjective
Can be confusedconverse inverse obverse reverse

Synonyms

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1. converse. 7. converse, counterpart. 10. mishap, misadventure, affliction. 20. repeal, veto, countermand, rescind, overthrow.

Synonym study

1. See opposite. 15, 17. Reverse, invert agree in meaning to change into a contrary position, order, or relation. To reverse is to place or move something so that it is facing in the opposite direction from the one faced previously: to reverse from right to left; to reverse a decision. To invert is to turn upside down: to invert a stamp in printing; to invert a bowl over a plate.

Antonyms

1. same.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for reverse

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • To make it such is in every respect the reverse of scientific.

    'Tis Sixty Years Since

    Charles Francis Adams

  • The Hampshire knight was not a man to be disheartened by a reverse.

    The White Company

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • The action of the 16th September is considered by some to have been a reverse.

  • Then, without comment, he glided out to reverse all his arrangements.

    The Leopard Woman

    Stewart Edward White

  • Will you take my word for it, when I tell you she has not your right interests at heart, but the reverse?

    The Black Bag

    Louis Joseph Vance


British Dictionary definitions for reverse

reverse

verb (mainly tr)
  1. to turn or set in an opposite direction, order, or position
  2. to change into something different or contrary; alter completelyreverse one's policy
  3. (also intr) to move or cause to move backwards or in an opposite directionto reverse a car
  4. to run (machinery, etc) in the opposite direction to normal
  5. to turn inside out
  6. law to revoke or set aside (a judgment, decree, etc); annul
  7. (often foll by out) to print from plates so made that white lettering or design of (a page, text, display, etc) appears on a black or coloured background
  8. reverse arms military to turn one's arms upside down, esp as a token of mourning
  9. reverse the charge or reverse the charges to make a telephone call at the recipient's expense
noun
  1. the opposite or contrary of something
  2. the back or rear side of something
  3. a change to an opposite position, state, or direction
  4. a change for the worse; setback or defeat
    1. the mechanism or gears by which machinery, a vehicle, etc, can be made to reverse its direction
    2. (as modifier)reverse gear
  5. the side of a coin bearing a secondary designCompare obverse (def. 5)
    1. printed matter in which normally black or coloured areas, esp lettering, appear white, and vice versa
    2. (as modifier)reverse plates
  6. in reverse in an opposite or backward direction
  7. the reverse of emphatically not; not at allhe was the reverse of polite when I called
adjective
  1. opposite or contrary in direction, position, order, nature, etc; turned backwards
  2. back to front; inverted
  3. operating or moving in a manner contrary to that which is usual
  4. denoting or relating to a mirror image
Derived Formsreversely, adverbreverser, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French, from Latin reversus, from revertere to turn back
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reverse

adj.

c.1300, from Old French revers "reverse, cross, opposite" (13c.), from Latin reversus, past participle of revertere "turn back, turn about, come back, return" (see revert). Reverse angle in film-making is from 1934. Reverse discrimination is attested from 1962, American English.

n.

mid-14c., "opposite or contrary" (of something), from reverse (adj.) or from Old French Related: revers "the opposite, reverse." Meaning "a defeat, a change of fortune" is from 1520s; meaning "back side of a coin" is from 1620s. Of gear-shifts in motor cars, from 1875. As a type of sports play (originally rugby) it is recorded from 1921.

v.

early 14c. (transitive), "change, alter;" early 15c. (intransitive), "go backward," from Old French reverser "reverse, turn around; roll, turn up" (12c.), from Late Latin reversare "turn about, turn back," frequentative of Latin revertere (see revert). Related: Reversed; reversing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper