- the fragrant heartwood of any of certain Asian trees of the genus Santalum, used for ornamental carving and burned as incense.
- any of these trees, especially S. album (white sandalwood), an evergreen of India, having ovate leaves and yellowish flowers that turn red.
- any of various related or similar trees or their woods, especially an East Indian tree, Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood), of the legume family, or its heavy dark-red wood that yields a dye.
Origin of sandalwood
Examples from the Web for sandalwood
Banquet tables were bedecked with orchids, candles, and sandalwood fans to prevent sweating in eveningwear.Donna Karan's Zen Approach to Cancer
June 15, 2011
In the air there was a faint odor of skins, dried herbs, sandalwood, and camphor.Sacrifice
Stephen French Whitman
With a start Kent noticed that it was made of East Indian sandalwood.Winsome Winnie and other New Nonsense Novels
The air was heavy with sandalwood, and attar of rose, and incense.
Many of them liked the fragrance of sandalwood and strange perfumes.
Now, you see the track going through that clump of sandalwood?Chinkie's Flat and Other Stories
- any of several evergreen hemiparasitic trees of the genus Santalum, esp S. album (white sandalwood), of S Asia and Australia, having hard light-coloured heartwood: family Santalaceae
- the wood of any of these trees, which is used for carving, is burned as incense, and yields an aromatic oil used in perfumery
- any of various similar trees or their wood, esp Pterocarpus santalinus (red sandalwood), a leguminous tree of SE Asia having dark red wood used as a dye
Word Origin and History for sandalwood
1510s, earlier sandell (c.1400), saundres (early 14c.), from Old French sandale, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Late Greek santalon, ultimately from Sanskrit čandana-m "the sandalwood tree," perhaps literally "wood for burning incense," related to candrah "shining, glowing," and cognate with Latin candere "to shine, glow" (see candle).