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Sanhedrin

[san-hed-rin, -hee-drin, sahn-, san-i-drin] /sænˈhɛd rɪn, -ˈhi drɪn, sɑn-, ˈsæn ɪ drɪn/
noun, Jewish History.
1.
Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising authority from about the 2nd century b.c.
2.
Also called Lesser Sanhedrin. a lower tribunal of this period, consisting of 23 members.
Also, Sanhedrim
[san-hi-drim, san-i-] /ˈsæn hɪ drɪm, ˈsæn ɪ-/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin of Sanhedrin
1580-1590
1580-90; < late Hebrew Sanhedhrīn < Greek synédrion, equivalent to syn- syn- + hédr(a) seat (cf. cathedral) + -ion noun suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for sanhedrim

Sanhedrin

/ˈsænɪdrɪn/
noun (Judaism)
1.
the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
2.
a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority
Word Origin
C16: from Late Hebrew, from Greek sunedrion council, from sun-syn- + hedra seat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sanhedrim
n.

1580s, from Late Hebrew sanhedrin (gedola) "(great) council," from Greek synedrion "assembly, council," literally "sitting together," from syn- "together" (see syn-) + hedra "seat" (see cathedral). Abolished at the destruction of Jerusalem, C.E. 70. The proper form is sanhedrin; the error began as a false correction when the Greek word was taken into Mishanic Hebrew, where -in is a form of the plural suffix of which -im is the more exact form.

sanhedrin

n.

see sanhedrim.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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