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[san-hed-rin, -hee-drin, sahn-, san-i-drin] /sænˈhɛd rɪn, -ˈhi drɪn, sɑn-, ˈsæn ɪ drɪn/
noun, Jewish History.
Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising authority from about the 2nd century b.c.
Also called Lesser Sanhedrin. a lower tribunal of this period, consisting of 23 members.
Also, Sanhedrim
[san-hi-drim, san-i-] /ˈsæn hɪ drɪm, ˈsæn ɪ-/ (Show IPA)
Origin of Sanhedrin
1580-90; < late Hebrew Sanhedhrīn < Greek synédrion, equivalent to syn- syn- + hédr(a) seat (cf. cathedral) + -ion noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for sanhedrim
Historical Examples
  • In English it is sometimes though inaccurately, written "sanhedrim."

    Jesus the Christ James Edward Talmage
  • Stephen was arrested and led into the presence of the sanhedrim.

  • This gathering was presumably the sanhedrim, the high council of the Jews.

  • All meetings of the sanhedrim were held in the hall adjoining the temple.

    The Christ John Eleazer Remsburg
  • This, according to Luke, was his first and only appearance before the sanhedrim.

    The Christ John Eleazer Remsburg
  • The sanhedrim was composed of the wisest and the best men of that race.

    The Christ John Eleazer Remsburg
  • A member of the sanhedrim would not desecrate the Passover by making a purchase on it.

    The Christ John Eleazer Remsburg
  • What proof have we that Nicodemus was a member of the sanhedrim or great council of the Jews?

    The Quiver 12/1899 Anonymous
  • He endures the reproaches and the scourges of the sanhedrim.

    The Gospel of St. John Frederick Denison Maurice
  • Nicodemus must have been conversing with other members of the sanhedrim.

    The Gospel of St. John Frederick Denison Maurice
British Dictionary definitions for sanhedrim


noun (Judaism)
the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority
Word Origin
C16: from Late Hebrew, from Greek sunedrion council, from sun-syn- + hedra seat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sanhedrim

1580s, from Late Hebrew sanhedrin (gedola) "(great) council," from Greek synedrion "assembly, council," literally "sitting together," from syn- "together" (see syn-) + hedra "seat" (see cathedral). Abolished at the destruction of Jerusalem, C.E. 70. The proper form is sanhedrin; the error began as a false correction when the Greek word was taken into Mishanic Hebrew, where -in is a form of the plural suffix of which -im is the more exact form.



see sanhedrim.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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