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[san-tee-ah-goh; Spanish sahn-tyah-gaw] /ˌsæn tiˈɑ goʊ; Spanish ˌsɑnˈtyɑ gɔ/
a city in and the capital of Chile, in the central part.
Also called Santiago de Compostela
[duh-kom-puh-stel-uh; Spanish th e kawm-paws-te-lah] /dəˌkɒm pəˈstɛl ə; Spanish ðɛ ˌkɔm pɔsˈtɛ lɑ/ (Show IPA)
. a city in NW Spain: pilgrimage center; cathedral.
a city in SW Panama.


[chil-ee; Spanish chee-le] /ˈtʃɪl i; Spanish ˈtʃi lɛ/
a republic in SW South America, on the Pacific Coast. 286,396 sq. mi. (741,765 sq. km).
Capital: Santiago.
Related forms
Chilean, adjective, noun
pro-Chilean, adjective, noun
pseudo-Chilean, adjective, noun
Can be confused
Chile, chili, chilly. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Santiago
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Santiago's style as a writer of love letters might be a little on the turgid side, but he knew how to make himself clear.

    The Five Arrows Allan Chase
  • The land and naval battles at Santiago brought the Spanish War to an end.

    The New Nation Frederic L. Paxson
  • He was succeeded by Santiago Bandoleto, who was by no means as skilful.

  • She was named the Felicidad, and hailed from Santiago de Cuba.

    The Pirate Slaver Harry Collingwood
  • Santiago has some handsome buildings and a very attractive Plaza Mayor; the hotels are poor.

British Dictionary definitions for Santiago


/ˌsæntɪˈɑːɡəʊ; Spanish sanˈtjaɣo/
the capital of Chile, at the foot of the Andes: commercial and industrial centre; two universities. Pop: 5 623 000 (2005 est) Official name Santiago de Chile (de ˈtʃile)
a city in the N Dominican Republic. Pop: 479 000 (2005 est) Official name Santiago de los Caballeros (de los kaβaˈʎeros)


a variant spelling of chilli


a republic in South America, on the Pacific, with a total length of about 4090 km (2650 miles) and an average width of only 177 km (110 miles): gained independence from Spain in 1818; the government of President Allende (elected 1970) attempted the implementation of Marxist policies within a democratic system until overthrown by a military coup (1973); democracy restored 1988. Chile consists chiefly of the Andes in the east, the Atacama Desert in the north, a central fertile region, and a huge S region of almost uninhabitable mountains, glaciers, fjords, and islands; an important producer of copper, iron ore, nitrates, etc. Language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Santiago. Pop: 17 216 945 (2013 est). Area: 756 945 sq km (292 256 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Santiago


South American country, probably named from a local native word subsequently confused with Mexican Spanish chile "chili pepper" (see chili). Suggestions are that the native word means "land's end" or else "cold, winter," which would make a coincidental convergence with English chilly. Related: Chilean.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Santiago in Culture
Santiago [(san-tee-ah-goh, sahn-tee-ah-goh)]

Capital of Chile and the largest city in the country, located in central Chile; commercial and political center of Chile and one of the largest cities in South America.

Chile definition

Republic in southern South America on the western slope of the Andes. Chile is a long, narrow strip of land bordered by Peru to the north, Bolivia and Argentina to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Its capital and largest city is Santiago.

Note: In 1973, General Augusto Pinochet led a coup that overthrew President Salvador Allende, a Marxist.
Note: Pinochet suppressed human rights and political activity until he lost a plebiscite in 1988. A successor was chosen in free elections. In 1998, Pinochet was arrested in Great Britain on a Spanish warrant, but a court ruled him too ill to stand trial. He returned to Chile, where attempts to prosecute him continued.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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