Try Our Apps
Dictionary.com

follow Dictionary.com

2017 Word of the Year

schema

[skee-muh] /ˈski mə/
noun, plural schemata
[skee-muh-tuh or, sometimes, skee-mah-tuh, ski-] /ˈski mə tə or, sometimes, skiˈmɑ tə, skɪ-/ (Show IPA),
schemas.
1.
a diagram, plan, or scheme.
Synonyms: outline, framework, model.
2.
an underlying organizational pattern or structure; conceptual framework:
A schema provides the basis by which someone relates to the events he or she experiences.
3.
(in Kantian epistemology) a concept, similar to a universal but limited to phenomenal knowledge, by which an object of knowledge or an idea of pure reason may be apprehended.
Origin of schema
1790-1800
First recorded in 1790-1800, schema is from the Greek word schêma form
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for schema
Historical Examples
  • The schema is, in itself, always a mere product of the imagination.

  • The schema of necessity is the existence of an object in all time.

  • Number is strictly not the schema of quantity as such, but of totality.

  • Now we must assume that the schema of quantity is really what Kant says it is, viz.

    Kant's Theory of Knowledge

    Harold Arthur Prichard
  • The turn of expression is called a Trope, and change of construction is called a schema.

  • These do not proceed according to the schema of the ordinary play of accident.

    Criminal Psychology Hans Gross
  • The schema of cause and of the causality of a thing is the real which, when posited, is always followed by something else.

  • Hence the schema is properly only the phenomenon, or the sensuous conception of an object in harmony with the category.

  • The psychological idea is, therefore, meaningless and inapplicable, except as the schema of a regulative conception.

  • That concept adheres to the schema of those who affirm the universe to be made: Naturalism excludes it.

    Rationalism John Mackinnon Robertson
British Dictionary definitions for schema

schema

/ˈskiːmə/
noun (pl) -mata (-mətə)
1.
a plan, diagram, or scheme
2.
(in the philosophy of Kant) a rule or principle that enables the understanding to apply its categories and unify experience: universal succession is the schema of causality
3.
(psychol) a mental model of aspects of the world or of the self that is structured in such a way as to facilitate the processes of cognition and perception
4.
(logic) an expression using metavariables that may be replaced by object language expressions to yield a well-formed formula. Thus A = A is an axiom schema for identity, representing the infinite number of axioms, x = x, y = y, z = z, etc
Word Origin
C19: from Greek: form
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for schema
n.

plural schemata, 1796, in Kantian philosophy ("a product of the imagination intermediary between an image and a concept"), from Greek skhema (see scheme (n.)). Meaning "diagrammatic representation" is from 1890; general sense of "hypothetical outline" is by 1939.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
schema in Medicine

schema sche·ma (skē'mə)
n. pl. sche·mas or sche·ma·ta (skē-mä'tə, skĭ-māt'ə)

  1. A diagrammatic representation; an outline or a model.

  2. A pattern imposed on complex reality or experience to assist in explaining it, mediate perception, or guide response.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Nearby words for schema

Word Value for schema

13
14
Scrabble Words With Friends