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[sahy-at-i-kuh] /saɪˈæt ɪ kə/
noun, Pathology.
pain and tenderness at some points of the sciatic nerve, usually caused by a prolapsed intervertebral disk; sciatic neuralgia.
any painful disorder extending from the hip down the back of the thigh and surrounding area.
Origin of sciatica
1400-50; < Medieval Latin, noun use of feminine of sciaticus sciatic Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sciatica
Historical Examples
  • My own share of the general unpleasantness was accentuated by a finely developed bout of sciatica.

    South! Sir Ernest Shackleton
  • Good in all cases of chronic rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica, and the like.

  • "Mighty funny sort of sciatica," Rainey told himself as he hurried forward.

    A Man to His Mate J. Allan Dunn
  • Is not this much better, now, than lying wet, and getting the sciatica?

    Thomas Otway Thomas Otway
  • If disease of the muscular tissue combines with a diseased condition of the accompanying nerves, we speak of sciatica.

    Valere Aude Louis Dechmann
  • sciatica is a disease from which youth is comparatively exempt.

  • Major Mallison excused himself from the luncheon party on the score of sciatica, which being interpreted meant a sore heart.

    Lady Cassandra Mrs George de Horne Vaizey
  • And if I get shelved with an attack of sciatica, there's the end of it!

    Shadows of Flames Amelie Rives
  • We went to her mother's house; the good woman was compelled to keep her bed owing to sciatica.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
  • Two days of it would knock out the sciatica, that old doctor had said.

    Shadows of Flames Amelie Rives
British Dictionary definitions for sciatica


a form of neuralgia characterized by intense pain and tenderness along the course of the body's longest nerve (sciatic nerve), extending from the back of the thigh down to the calf of the leg
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin sciatica; see sciatic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sciatica

late 14c., from Medieval Latin sciatica, in sciatica passio "sciatic disease," fem. of sciaticus "sciatic," corruption of Latin ischiadicus "of pain in the hip," from Greek iskhiadikos, from iskhias (genitive iskhiados) "pain in the hips," from iskhion "hip joint."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sciatica in Medicine

sciatica sci·at·i·ca (sī-āt'ĭ-kə)
Pain along the sciatic nerve that radiates from the lower back to the buttocks and back of the thigh and is usually caused by a herniated disk of the lumbar region of the spine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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sciatica in Culture
sciatica [(seye-at-i-kuh)]

Chronic pain in the hip and upper leg caused by irritation of a large nerve — the sciatic nerve — that runs through the pelvis and down the back of the thigh.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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