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2017 Word of the Year

semi

[sem-ee, sem-ahy] /ˈsɛm i, ˈsɛm aɪ/
noun, Informal.
1.
semitrailer (def 1).
2.
Often, semis. semifinal (def 3).
Origin of semi
by shortening

semi-

1.
a combining form borrowed from Latin, meaning “half,” freely prefixed to English words of any origin, now sometimes with the senses “partially,” “incompletely,” “somewhat”:
semiautomatic; semidetached; semimonthly; semisophisticated.
Origin
Middle English < Latin sēmi-; cognate with Old English sōm-, sām- half (modern dial. sam-), Old High German sāmi-, Sanskrit sāmi-, Greek hēmi-; cf. sesqui-
Usage note
See bi-1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for semi
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Clearly these should only be planted in wild and semi–wild places.

    The Wild Garden William Robinson
  • semi has had more success than I require, and considerably more than I expected.

    Miss Eden's Letters Emily Eden
  • semi can give him the former, and over the latter our future journey lies.

    Buffalo Land W. E. Webb
  • Raising his hand in a semi salute, the man started into the woods.

    The Clock Strikes Thirteen

    Mildred A. Wirt
  • It continues to be the resort of persons of every civilized, and almost every semi civilized, nation on the face of the earth.

British Dictionary definitions for semi

semi

/ˈsɛmɪ/
noun (pl) semis
1.
(Brit) a semidetached house
2.
short for semifinal
3.
(US & Canadian, Austral & NZ) short for semitrailer

semi-

prefix
1.
half: semicircle Compare demi- (sense 1), hemi-
2.
partially, partly, not completely, or almost: semiprofessional, semifinal
3.
occurring twice in a specified period of time: semiannual, semiweekly
Word Origin
from Latin; compare Old English sōm-, sām- half, Greek hēmi-
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for semi

semi-

before vowels sem-, word-forming element meaning "half, part, partly; partial, imperfect; twice," from Latin semi- "half," from PIE *semi- "half" (cf. Sanskrit sami "half," Greek hemi- "half," Old English sam-, Gothic sami- "half").

Old English cognate sam- was used in such compounds as samhal "poor health," literally "half-whole;" samsoden "half-cooked," figuratively "stupid" (cf. half-baked); samcucu "half-dead," literally "half-alive;" and the last survivor of the group, sandblind "dim-sighted" (q.v.). Common in Latin (e.g. semi-gravis "half-drunk," semi-hora "half hour," semi-mortuus "half-dead," semi-nudus "half-naked," semi-vir "half-man, hermaphrodite"). The Latin-derived form in English has been active in forming native words since 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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semi in Medicine

semi- pref.

  1. Half: semicanal.

  2. Partial; partially: semiconscious.

  3. Resembling or having some of the characteristics of: semilunar.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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semi in Science
semi-  
A prefix that means "half," (as in semicircle, half a circle) or "partly, somewhat, less than fully," (as in semiconscious, partly conscious).
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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