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[sen-i-gawl, -gahl] /ˌsɛn ɪˈgɔl, -ˈgɑl/
a republic in W Africa: independent member of the French Community; formerly part of French West Africa. 76,084 sq. mi. (197,057 sq. km).
Capital: Dakar.
a river in W Africa, flowing NW from E Mali to the Atlantic at St. Louis. About 1000 miles (1600 km) long.
French Sénégal
[sey-ney-gal] /seɪ neɪˈgal/ (Show IPA)
. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Senegal
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He was dying of inflammation of the liver, contracted in Senegal.

  • He could never think without emotion of Nicolas's departure for Senegal.

    Fruitfulness Emile Zola
  • Schmaltz and Lachaumareys gave orders to take the route for Senegal.

    Perils and Captivity Charlotte-Adlade [ne Picard] Dard
  • On the 1st of January 1817, the colony of Senegal was surrendered to the French.

    Perils and Captivity Charlotte-Adlade [ne Picard] Dard
  • My father then borrowed a little shallop to take us to Senegal.

    Perils and Captivity Charlotte-Adlade [ne Picard] Dard
British Dictionary definitions for Senegal


a republic in West Africa, on the Atlantic: made part of French West Africa in 1895; became fully independent in 1960; joined with The Gambia to form the Confederation of Senegambia (1982–89); mostly low-lying, with semidesert in the north and tropical forest in the southwest Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: franc. Capital: Dakar. Pop: 13 300 410 (2013 est). Area: 197 160 sq km (76 124 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Senegal

African nation, named for the river through it, perhaps from a local word meaning "navigable."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Senegal in Culture

Senegal definition

Republic in western Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. Dakar is the capital and largest city.

Note: Senegal was a French colony from 1895 to 1958. It became fully independent in 1960.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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