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[shig-uh-loh-sis] /ˌʃɪg əˈloʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology.
an acute intestinal infection caused by a bacterium of the genus Shigella, especially S. dysenteriae, common among children and characterized by fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
Also called bacillary dysentery.
Origin of shigellosis
First recorded in 1945-50; shigell(a) + -osis Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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shigellosis in Medicine

shigellosis shig·el·lo·sis (shĭg'ə-lō'sĭs)
n. pl. shig·el·lo·ses (-sēz)
Dysentery caused by any of various species of Shigella, occurring most frequently in areas where poor sanitation and malnutrition are prevalent and commonly affecting children and infants.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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